Where is the UK located? Geographical position

The islands where the UK is located are located to the north-west of the continental part of Europe. Today, the country occupies one of the most important places in the structure of the world economy, and the driving force of its economic development is the services sector and the financial sector.

Where is the UK located? Country geography

The state is located in the British Isles and several other smaller island groups, which include the Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland, Anglesey, Arran and White.

The climate itself and the location of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland imply a significant influence of the sea on all aspects of people's lives. The islands are washed by the North, Celtic, Hebrides and Irish Seas, as well as the waters of the Atlantic Ocean.

From the mainland of Europe, the islands where the UK is located are separated by the English Channel, or as the British themselves call it, the English Channel.At the narrowest point, the width of the strait barely exceeds thirty-five kilometers, and along its bottom lies the Eurotunnel, through which there is a rail link between the United Kingdom and France.

View of London from the Thames

Geography and administrative division

The region where the country of Great Britain is located was inhabited by people in the early Paleolithic. However, the written history of Britain begins in 43, when the Romans conquered the islands. Of course, written sources indicated the existence of culture in the country before the arrival of the Romans, but this information was extremely small and fragmentary.

The current administrative division of the country is due to historical factors, which include the formation of the Norman kingdoms in the west of the country. Administratively, the kingdom is divided into England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

More than half of the country's territory is occupied by England, which is a predominantly flat territory, hills in the territory are found only in the north, where the Penninsky Mountains are located, and in the north-west, where the Cambridge Mountains are located.

England is the historical core of the formation of the kingdom and the region where the capital of Great Britain is located - London.

Flag of Great Britain against the background of Big Ben

Geography of Scotland

In both historical and geographical terms, Scotland is a very special region of the country. It occupies a little less than a third of the territory of Great Britain and has a complex history of joining the country.

In addition, more than eight hundred islands of various sizes are counted in the territory of Scotland, among which the Hebrides and Shetland archipelagoes stand out.

From a geological point of view, Scotland is divided into two large and very different regions, the boundary of which is the Highland Fault, which runs from the island of Arran in the west to Stonehaven in the east. The North-Scottish Highlands are located to the north-west of the fault, and the region known as Lowland is located to the south-east.

The North Scottish Highlands are distinguished by the harsh climate and the presence of almost all the mountains in the region. Here is the highest point of the country - Ben Nevis mountain in height of 1343 meters above sea level.

In turn, Lowland has a more even landscape and a temperate climate, which resulted in a much larger population of the region.On its territory are the most important cities of Scotland, including its capital - Edinburgh.

View of Edinburgh

Geography and history of Wales

Wales is one of the historical provinces of Great Britain, with its own history of relations with the British Crown. Despite the fact that the region occupies less than ten percent of the territory of the kingdom, it is of great importance for the economy of the state. The main sector of the economy is grazing and production of high-quality wool, as well as dairy products.

Unlike Scotland, Wales never possessed sovereignty within its current borders, and its final merger with England took place in the 16th century. Despite significant industrial growth in the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, the vast majority of the population of Wales lives in small towns.

An interesting fact is that up to the middle of the twentieth century the region did not have an official capital. Only in 1955, the Queen declared Cardiff the capital of the region. In addition, Wales is a sparsely populated region, with nearly three million inhabitants.

View of a traditional Scottish castle

Collapse of the colonial system

After the Second World War, significant changes are taking place in the world related to the construction of a new world order, the division of the planet into two opposing economic camps and the disintegration of the colonial system of governance.

By that time, Great Britain was the largest colonial empire with a multitude of overseas possessions. However, the serious social and economic upheavals caused by the war no longer allowed to keep under control such vast territories as India. The colonial empire ceased to exist with the granting of sovereignty to the British possessions in Asia and Africa.

However, the Commonwealth of Nations was formed with some sovereign countries, which included Canada, Australia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Namibia, Cameroon and New Zealand. From a formal point of view, the head of all these states is the British monarch.

Lighthouse on the British coast

UK economy

The region where the UK is located occupies key positions in the global financial system, but also in terms of its production potential, it is extremely important not only for Europe, but also for the whole world.

For a long time, Great Britain was the main center of industrial and scientific innovations that followed the first industrial revolution, which began in this kingdom.

But today, in terms of economic, industrial-technological and scientific development, the country is approximately at the same level as the USA and Japan, and London’s GDP is the largest in Europe compared to other cities.

A key place in the industrial sector of the country belongs to the automotive industry, which employs more than eight hundred thousand people, and the total turnover is more than 52 billion pounds.

Waves on the Scottish coast

The current state of affairs in the country

Answering the question about where the UK is and on which hemisphere, it is worth answering at once that the country is completely located in the Western and Northern hemispheres and, therefore, belongs to a region in which the main wealth, industrial technologies and scientific knowledge are concentrated.

In 2016, a referendum was held in the country, according to the results of which the UK should withdraw from the European Union, which will create completely new conditions in the European and world economy.

In addition, this event significantly influenced the European policy, causing a wave of doubts and hesitations in the need to continue building a united Europe.

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