What is the "essence"? Meaning of the word
We ask: "What is the essence of this anecdote?". And what is the "essence"? What is the origin of the word, how was it used before and how is it used now?
How is used in literature?
There is a wonderful poem, starting with the lines: "In everything I want to get to the very essence." Its meaning is that a person wants to live life to the fullest, not half-heartedly. Understand the order of things and their place in it, consciously make decisions, and not by someone's will. To bear not collective, but personal responsibility for them — that is the “essence” of Boris Pasternak.
The word is widely used in the fable genre, this form goes through a refrain through many works. After the allegorical text, the moral phrase, the meaning of the above, is derived by a stable phrase
- And the essence of this fable, apparently, is that the mouse does not cry over the cat.
- And the essence of this fable is evident that the lie is growing like a snowball.
How is it used in modern life?
This ancient word is used in modern life. In the hall where there is a trial.In the personnel department. At a lecture at the university. In economic and legal practice. Examples of well-established stationery expressions will help to understand what the “essence” is:
- Witness charges, stand up. What can you add to the essence?
- The essence of the statement Ivanova I.A. in that he refuses to go to work outside office hours.
- The essence of the new law on the indexation of pensions is that the cumulative part is calculated by the new methods.
- In fact, you are right, but we are forced to disagree with you.
The obsolete form is firmly entrenched in the definitions of scientific, religious and philosophical:
- Painting - the essence of the way to display the existing reality.
- Such plots are the embodiment of aspirations, imagination and the most intimate aspirations of the universal soul.
- In the modern Pantheon, these three are Brahma.
In such sentences, you can replace the word "essence" with the words "this is," "actually," "means."
The meaning of the word "essence" in the explanatory dictionary
It is interesting to compare the meaning of a word in different explanatory dictionaries. They all converge in defining it as “essence, essence”. But the nuances of the dictionaries are different.
- Dahl's dictionary provides a synonym for "self"; this does not really clarify the picture. But the "grain, core, inside" recall the expression "rational grain."
- Ozhegov's dictionary complements:«usually this word is used as a bundle. "
- Abramov's Dictionary reveals another interesting side.: «nature, soul. " For example, "justice is the soul of the law."
- Ushakov's dictionary treats the meaning of the word as outdated, used in enumerations.
- The lexical meaning of the word "essence", taking into account the above, boils down to its following interpretation: "essence, the most important thing". Synonyms for it are “alpha and omega”, “core”, “core”.
Origin of the word
In Bulgarian, there is the word "essence". It is no longer used, but its meaning is “selfhood,” as V. I. Dal notes. The meaning of the word "essence" is also explained as "spirit, soul, nature." Why lead these comparisons, will help to understand the etymology of the word.
Its origin is from the ancient Russian "essence", recorded in the Bible by Cyril and Methodius in Old Slavonic as a s (in ancient Greek - εἰσίν). This is the verb form of the word "is" of the third person plural.
To understand what the "essence" is, let us turn to the declension of the verb "to be" and see its changes in the Old Slavonic language:
- First person: I, we - “is”, in Old Slavonic, respectively - “I am”, “Iesms”.
- Second person: You, you “are”, in the Old Slavonic, respectively, “es”, “este”.
- Third person: He, she, it, they - “is”, in Old Church Slavonic - “essence”.
It is worth noting that the noun "essence" did not exist before. It cannot be found in the explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language, published before the dictionary of V.I. Dahl. Moreover, it is not in the language of the writers of the time. Even Pushkin, having 20 thousand words in the lexicon, does not use the word.
The conclusion is simple: it came from the language of the people who began to use it. Dahl himself takes him out of the professional stationery slang. No wonder he compiled the “Dictionary of the Living Russian Language” - the word has already lived its life.
Being a friend of Pushkin, Vladimir Ivanovich was talking to him about words. Some poet later used himself. Dahl writes about one official who masterfully used the word. Apparently, knowing what the "essence" is. True, it is in the female, then in the masculine, but the use of the word is generally similar to modern.
This is how a new form of the word, which does not exist before, comes out of vernacular. This is another proof that language is a developing living organism.