What is "best": good, better, the best
What is "best", the majority knows. "The best" is translated from English as "best" or "best." It derives from the adjective "good" (good) by constructing it in a superlative degree of comparison.
Degrees of comparison of adjectives
In English, three degrees of adjective comparison are used: positive, comparative, and excellent.
There are only three ways to form comparative adjectives:
- by adding the suffixes -er and -est;
- using additional words such as more, less, and so on;
- exceptions to the rule: words that completely change when they are raised to a comparative or superlative degree, for example: good - better - the best.
The first method applies to adjectives consisting of one or two syllables (that is, simple adjectives) in which the emphasis falls on the end, for example: few - fewer - the fewest.
The second method is used for multi-syllable words. In this case, at the beginning of the adjective, a word is added that already expresses the degree of comparison: more / most (less / least). Example: serious - more serious - the most serious.
The last version of the formation of the comparative degree of an adjective implies cases of exclusion. Here are those words that do not lean on the general rules.Example: good - better - the best, bad - worse - the worst.
In English, there are tips on which you can quickly navigate through the correct education and writing comparative forms of adjectives:
- Union than is often used when there is a comparison in a sentence. It emphasizes the object on which the comparison is made.
- When simple adjectives end in -e, then when forming a comparative degree, this ending is not duplicated, but only -r or -st is added: nice-nicer-the nicest (cute — nicer is the cutest).
- In cases where a simple adjective has an ending from a vowel and a consonant, when a comparative degree is formed, the last consonant is duplicated: sad - sadder - the saddest (sad - sadder - the saddest).
Using comparative words
So, what is the "best", we figured out, but here are some examples showing how comparative words can be used in everyday life:
- This bus is very slow. I prefer a bit faster. - This bus is very slow, I prefer a little faster.
- Taking a bus is cheaper than a plane. - Travel by bus is cheaper than by plane.
- The winter is very long here. I expected it to be shorter. - The winter is very long here, I expected it to be shorter.
- Lucy works harder than her sister. “Lucy works more than her sister.”
- New York City. “This tower is taller than the one in New York.”
Other meanings of the word "best"
Everyone has heard about the comparative adjective, but few know what “best” is in other parts of speech. Although this word is extremely extensive in the means of use:
- To indicate the highest degree of quality.
She is the best person. - She is the best man in the world.
You are my best man. - You are my best friend.
- In the meaning of "most suitable".
I`ll show you the best way to learn Russian culture. - I will show you the best way to get acquainted with Russian culture.
That was the best way to get to your hotel. - It was the best way to get to your hotel.
- In the context of "Significant", "Largest."
The best part of that play I spent running around the theater. - Most of the play I spent running around the theater.
It was sunny for the best part of this year. - Much of this year was sunny.
- What is "best" in relation to "well"? This adverb means "best of all."
Dostoevsky is "Crime and Punishment". - Dostoevsky is best known for his book Crime and Punishment.
Well, best ask Hugo! “Well, better ask Hugo!”
- The noun "best before" is the "best part / state" (of something).
He doesn’t sleep enough. - He is not in the best form when he is not getting enough sleep.
- The expression "for the best" - "for the better / for good".
It turned out for the best for all. - Last year he moved, and everything turned out for the best for everyone.
- In the sense of "best / best result", the highest degree of skill.
He tried his best to catch that train. - He did his best to catch the train.
Famous Expressions with "best"
It is useful to remember the stable expressions with "best", widely used in colloquial speech. Consider them with examples:
- I gave best to him. - I recognized his superiority over me.
- Send my best to lilly! - Say hello to Lilly!
- Sarah now has the best of the bargain. - Sarah is now in the best position.
- John makes the best of his way. - John is in a hurry (in a hurry to go).
- She hasn`t gotten a job yet, to the best of my belief. “She hasn't got a job yet, as far as I know.”
Good, well, better, best - in fact, all are used to express the state of "good." Only if the first two words have a direct translation "good / good", then the last, respectively, - "better / better."