What is acute pancreatitis? Disease treatment
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, which plays an important role in the body: many hormones are produced due to the intrasecretory function of this organ. Pancreatitis is more common in middle-aged people.
Why does the disease develop?
The disease develops over the years, and the background of its development is unhealthy diet, immense love of alcohol, obesity, gastric or duodenal ulcer, and more. Pancreatitis is acute and chronic. The main difference between these forms is that acute pancreatitis is cured, but chronic - not.
Acute pancreatitis - symptoms, treatment
- The patient in most cases feels an attack of acute shingles in the left and right hypochondrium. It can "shoot" in the area of the left shoulder, lower ribs or shoulder blade. A person feels pain almost all the time. Even against the background of medication, it does not pass for another day.
- Another symptom is lack of appetite.The patient literally develops aversion to food, which is explained by the lack of elimination of enzymes in the intestine from the gland.
- Any food provokes nausea and vomiting, as the intestines can not ensure proper digestion. Vomiting is abundant, contains bile, does not bring relief to the patient.
- Intoxication is observed with the development of purulent formations in the gland. Sometimes the temperature rises, there may be pressure surges.
- Dehydration due to constant vomiting. Signs of shock.
- The upper abdomen is swollen due to digestive disorders.
- May appear cyanotic spots (abdomen, navel area).
- The tension of the abdominal wall to the left under the costal arch.
Where to start?
If the patient has the above symptoms, you should immediately call an ambulance. Before the arrival of doctors, you must follow three rules: cold, hunger and peace. The patient should lie in bed without moving, and a cold heating pad wrapped in a towel should be put on his stomach. You can drink only alkaline water without gas.
In the hospital
If the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is confirmed, treatment begins with anesthesia.The patient is administered "Novocain", "Promedol" or analgesics.
- Medications are used - "Somatostatin", acid-lowering and enzyme preparations that reduce the secretion of the pancreas. The patient is prescribed full fasting.
- Spasmolytics are prescribed to increase the outflow of gland enzymes. "Atropine", "Eufillin", "Novocain" ...
- Inflammatory processes may accompany acute pancreatitis. Treatment involves taking anti-inflammatory drugs - antibiotics.
- Later appointed protein diet, limiting fatty and salty foods.
After the end of the course of treatment, the menu expands, but the patient becomes registered. Acute pancreatitis, the treatment of which is carried out in a hospital, can be completely cured, but it can also turn into a chronic form or be complicated by impaired liver function and diabetes mellitus. It all depends on how quickly the necessary procedures were assigned. If it is not immediately possible to defeat acute pancreatitis, treatment continues. Symptoms of further development of the disease are the growing signs of intoxication, inflammation of the peritoneum and the appearance of jaundice.They indicate the need for surgery. Washing the abdominal cavity and, if necessary, remove the affected area of the gland.
After leaving the hospital, the patient must abandon the old way of life. Otherwise, the exacerbation of pancreatitis will return. The treatment will have to continue for the rest of your life. First, you need to learn how to eat right, eliminating fatty, fried, smoked meats from the diet. It is necessary to abandon cigarettes, alcohol and help your digestion with dietary supplements and drugs. It is necessary to monitor the work of the gallbladder and ducts, regularly visiting the doctor.