What is chocolate? Chocolate recipe at home
Delicious delicacy, familiar to all from childhood. Many consider him the height of culinary excellence. What is chocolate? How to cook it at home? These questions will be fully consecrated in this article. Terminologically, the word "chocolate" means a variety of confectionery products, which include cocoa beans. They are the basis of chocolate products and various sweets, the components of which they are.
The origin of the word "chocolate"
What is chocolate? Why is everyone's favorite sweetness called that way? The familiar word chocolate is derived from the term xocolatl, which literally means a drink made from cocoa beans, or "bitter water." Initially, the composition of the drink included beans and water, to date, the drink includes additional milk, sugar, cinnamon and even hot pepper. Incredibly tasty will drink if you add vanilla.
Raw materials for making chocolate
What is chocolate, and what raw materials are used to make it? It is logical that cocoa beans are the main raw material for making chocolate, from which the powder used to make chocolate is subsequently made. The seeds of cocoa beans grow on trees in tropical areas of the planet.
In its own way, beans can be divided into the following groups:
- American origin;
- African descent;
- Asian descent.
The name of the product corresponds to their place of origin. Thus, it is possible to meet products with the name Ghana, Baya and not only.
It is possible to subdivide products by their quality, namely:
- Noble cocoa beans. This product has an incredibly delicate aroma, delicate taste and aftertaste. Take them out of the ports of Java, Trinidad.
- Consumer beans. These beans have a pronounced aroma, bitter taste with a certain sourness, most often this variety can be found in stores at an average price.
Directly cocoa beans are in the middle of the fruit for 30-50 pieces, are located in the pulp.The seeds are almond-shaped, 2.5 centimeters long. The bean is a rather solid core divided into two halves, so that on the surface one can well look at the embryo and hard shells.
If the fruits are just harvested, then they do not have a pronounced taste or smell, which the consumer can expect from an ordinary chocolate bar. Fresh grains have a bitter taste and at the same time a little tart, the color is pale, and not saturated, as is customary.
What is chocolate in terms of nutrients? If we consider the composition of the product, then in the dry matter are the fats, and the additional elements - theobromine, caffeine, in a small amount there are proteins and carbohydrates, tannins and minerals, organic acids, aromatics and other related elements.
If we consider the composition of the beans in more detail, the proportion of fat is 52–56% in dry matter. If you prepare the oil from the beans, it, due to its properties, at a temperature of 32 ° C, becomes liquid and dissolves very quickly. The classic recipe for chocolate from cocoa powder is quite simple.
If you process the cocoa beans, you can get the main semi-finished product, which is subsequently necessary for the preparation of chocolate and other products. Melted cocoa with the addition of icing sugar and cocoa butter forms chocolate, which is incredibly tasty and healthy. The best chocolate recipe with photos will be presented in this article.
Currently, there is a certain classification of chocolate.
So, first of all, it depends on the processing. There is a chocolate mass for desserts or an ordinary mass for other dishes. Various photos of chocolate confirm that this delicacy can be prepared in different variations.
The mass prepared for desserts has pleasant aromatic properties, as well as a delicate taste. Such qualities are acquired in the process of an incredible lengthy and thorough processing of the material, and the sugar content in the product approaches 55%. The product turns out incredibly gentle and has valuable flavoring properties.
As for the ordinary chocolate mass, it has not pronounced taste and aroma characteristics, the sugar content in such a product is 63%.This type of chocolate is less valuable, but more sweet.
Typically, porous chocolate is prepared from the dessert mass, which is poured into special forms of about 3/4 parts, the loan is placed in special boilers and kept for some time in a liquid state, where this process lasts for 4 hours at a temperature of 40 degrees. As a result, the air expands, after which the necessary porosity is formed, and, subsequently, everyone's favorite chocolates are obtained, which simply conceal in the mouth.
All chocolate can be divided into several groups:
- it is plain black;
- chocolate with various additives or fillings;
- chocolate made especially for diabetics;
- White chocolate.
Classic dark chocolate is made from a small amount of ingredients, namely grated cocoa beans and powdered sugar, as well as adding cocoa butter. It is such a chocolate that has special properties that are inherent in fresh cocoa beans. Changing the proportions of ingredients, you can get different tastes of the product: from the usual bitter to the incredibly sweet.Thus, everyone is able to find exactly the taste that will be to their liking. The more grated cocoa beans are included in the composition, the more bitter the product will turn out, precisely because of this, you can feel the bright taste of chocolate, which true gourmets appreciate.
The most basic tastes of chocolate, which are produced without additives:
- Chocolate figured.
Various photos of chocolate indicate that this dessert has many variations.
Chocolate with various additives is made on the basis of grated cocoa beans and cocoa butter, powdered sugar, various nutritional and aromatic substances are added. As such additives are most often used milk powder and cream, nuts and waffles, candied fruits and a variety of alcohol, vanilla and other spices. It is these products that emphasize the refined taste, add chocolate to the new notes and definitely raise your spirits.
Chocolate cooked with filling is made in a slightly different form than the previous example of the product. Used chocolate mass in pure form. Such a dessert comes in a variety of forms, for example, it can be a standard chocolate bar or a bar, and even figures in the form of various animals.
Diabetic chocolate is made for people with diabetes, so that these people can pamper themselves with something tasty without harm to health. Sorbitol, xylitol, mannitol are added to the product instead of sugar.
For making white chocolate you need to use a few more ingredients. Thus, grated cocoa beans, sugar, powdered milk and vanillin are mixed in the required proportions. Cocoa butter is not added to white chocolate, so it turns out a great creamy mass.
Depending on the manufacturer, chocolate is produced in different forms, it can be banal tiles, figures, and even powders.
Chocolate figurines are made exclusively from dessert chocolate, so that it is not only beautiful, but also very tasty.
The standards for making chocolate
Bright taste and aromatic qualities of this product are its important part. The color of chocolate can also be different, ranging from dark brown to white cream. The release form of chocolates must be correct without any marriage. Also on the chocolate may be a varied pattern.The front part of the chocolate should be uniform and shiny. The consistency of the product, in any case, must be firm, but its fracture is dull and also homogeneous.
White chocolate is a real joy for sweet tooth, its soft vanilla flavor is impossible to confuse with something. An interesting fact is that this delicacy is a means of disposal, and its recipe was discovered completely by accident. Moreover, its taste, of course, reminds everyone's favorite chocolate, but its recipe is significantly different. The main difference is that this delicacy does not contain cocoa beans. From this and the color of his so noble.
Cooking White Chocolate
It is not a secret for anyone that it will not be difficult to cook classic white chocolate at home. No need for this and special skills. But the majority will agree that the taste of homemade delicacy has other qualities than the shop. Each housewife, will put only the best products for making their dessert. This delicacy can be given even to children and is not afraid of negative consequences.For a classic recipe, the following ingredients are needed:
- cocoa butter;
- powdered milk;
- powdered sugar.
All these components must be taken in equal proportions. Then you need to add a little vanilla so that the chocolate gets a wonderful aroma. It is important to note the fact that white chocolate is incredibly high-calorie, so girls who want to lose weight need to be very attentive to this fact.
In order to prepare this wonderful delicacy, you need to familiarize yourself with the recipe below. That it will help get the most delicious and healthy white chocolate at home.
So, first you need to take cocoa butter, grind it with a knife or a powerful blender, so that the pieces are really small.
The finished powder must be placed in a saucepan and put in a water bath. Stir cocoa constantly and bring the product to a liquid state.
Then to the resulting mass, you must add the rest of the ingredients in the same proportion.
Mix all the components until smooth, in this case it is best to use a mixer so that the liquid quickly acquires the necessary consistency.
Allow the lightly prepared chocolate to cool, pour into a mold and leave in the refrigerator for 1 hour. Such a stunning dish can surprise all guests at home.
At home, you can make delicious chocolate from cocoa powder. The recipe from the photo will be shown below.
Classic Chocolate at Home
For the preparation of exquisite real chocolate will need the best ingredients that are not so easy to get. But, if you are lucky, you will receive an unforgettable delicacy, which is rarely found in the store. So, what is this wonder delicacy made of?
- ground cocoa - 200 g;
- cocoa butter - 50 g;
- powdered sugar - 100 g;
- butter - 20 g
It is best to cook chocolate in a water bath. First you need to melt the butter and cocoa butter. When all this becomes liquid, you should add cocoa powder, powder and stir well, until all the components have a uniform structure. Allow the mass to cool slightly, pour into small molds and send to the fridge to set.
Chocolate recipe: quick and easy
Milk chocolate at home can be made from more affordable products. To do this, you need 5 tbsp. lmilk, 70 g butter, 150 g cocoa powder, powdered sugar 100 g, flour 1.5 tsp.
- Pour the milk into a small container and heat over low heat.
- Add powder and cocoa powder.
- Melt the butter in a water bath.
- Mix the butter with the milk mixture.
- Bring the mass to a boil, stirring.
- Sift flour through a sieve and mix well. Cook for 2 minutes.
- Pour slightly cooled mass into molds, oiled.
- Send in the freezer for 4 hours.
Milk chocolate, prepared in this way, turns out very tasty and does not contain harmful additives.