We understand what a fragment. Origin, synonyms, usage
Some familiar words have long been entered into our active vocabulary, which we use in everyday speech. However, sometimes there is a need to think about what this or that word means, where it came from in Russian and whether we use it correctly. In this article we will understand what a fragment is, define the etymology of a given word and where it is more appropriate to use it.
What does the word "fragment" mean
In accordance with the explanatory dictionary of the Russian language Efremova Tatiana Fedorovna, in which the greatest number of meanings of this word, "fragment" means:
- An excerpt from any work of art: musical, artistic, cinematic.
- What remains of the damaged work of art (debris, fragment, part).
- Part of the skeleton of a deceased person or animal.
Thus, it can be judged that the “fragment” is a word that is most suitable for use in speech if the topic of discussion affects art. Less familiar to the Russian ear is the use of this term in relation to the skeleton of a deceased living being, but it also takes place in narrower circles, namely, where the discussion relates to anthropology or medicine.
But in addition to the above methods of use, the prototypical (exemplary, which gave rise to the rest) the meaning of the word "fragment" is more prosaic and completely unrelated to art. The original meaning of this word is "part, detail of something." For some unknown reason, only a few linguists mention this fact.
There is a way to find a definition of what a fragment is (or any other word) when it is not possible to use information from authoritative sources: it is enough to choose a synonymous series that will allow you to better understand the definition of a word.
Etymology: the origin of the word
The word "fragment" appeared in a relatively young Russian language not independently, but due to borrowing from its older "brothers": Latin and Proto-Indo-European languages.It comes from the Latin words fragmentum - "shard, fragment, piece", frangere - "crush, break" and the Proto-Indo-European word, translated as "break." It should be noted that in the etymology of this word does not appear belonging to the art, then this confirms the conclusion that the meaning of the word "fragment" originally referred only to the concept of fragmentation of some kind.
Synonyms, word formation
There are many synonyms that you can pick up to the word "fragment": part, excerpt, fragment, detail, element, piece, fragment. If you delve into similar words in the context of literary creativity, you can pick up such synonyms as paragraph, excerpt, scene, in cinema - episode, scene, film fragment, and in visual arts it is used most often in the only way without the need for matching synonyms .
In addition to synonyms, one indirect antonym can be picked up by the word fragment, which will only partially be its opposite. Such a word is "whole", since it excludes the possibility of breaking up any objects into components.
From this word you can also form an abundance of other words or even parts of speech. For example:
- the verb from the word "fragment" is a fragment;
- adverb - fragmentary;
- adjectives - fragmented, fragmented;
- verbal nouns, which are already formed directly from the verb "fragment", are fragmentation, fragmentation;
- derived nouns - fragmentation, fragmentation.
You can also form a diminutive form of this word with the suffix -ik, for example, fragment and magnifying with the suffix -child, for example, fragmentation.
Very often, art historians in the study of any picture conditionally divide it into components: this reduces the likelihood of missing important details that may be imperceptible at first glance. Having increased any section of the work of art, the worker begins to painstakingly study its features.
A fragment of the picture can be used not only by people working in the field of art, but also by ordinary inhabitants in this field. For example, modern youth often isolates separate parts of paintings by classical artists in order to make “memes” out of them - pictures with captions,who tell their viewers any joke. One of teens' favorite topics for a fun interpretation is Michelangelo Buonarroti’s painting The Creation of Adam.
For those who wish to test their knowledge of paintings by famous artists of different times, there are tests in which you need to understand what is depicted on a fragment of a picture, and what is called it. Thanks to such tests you can find out the level of your competence in painting.