The life expectancy of dogs at home

When a four-legged friend appears in the family, few people think about how many years of life are allotted to everyone's favorite. But there always comes a moment when the owner, with a bored sadness, discovers that the pet's face has turned gray, the step is not so vigorous, and games and fun are not as pleasing as in previous years. Increasingly, a good faithful dog is called an old man, and family members begin to count the age of the dog, relating it to a human one.

How many years of life are given for each dog? Are there general principles for canine longevity? We will try together to understand the question of what conditions dependsdog lifespan

Dog lifespan

How many dogs live on average

Scientists estimate that the life of a dog lasts a little over 12 years. itlife expectancy of dogs,born with good health and living in favorable conditions.

This term is conditional, since its increase or decrease is influenced by various factors: breed, genetics, housing conditions, nutrition, environment.And if, for example, Shar Pei at the age of 5-6 is already prone to senile ailments, then the Maltese dog and at the age of 10 remains in the eyes of those around him as a puppy.

Probably, loving and caring owners should consider the average age of the breed of their pet, not as a sentence, but as a kind of beacon that allows you to correctly build a system of food and maintenance. By caring for the pet's living conditions, you can give him extra years of life, contrary to the average.

Average dog life

How to relate the age of the dog and man

Dog lifespansignificantly less human life. If you correlate the human age with the age of four-legged friends, you get an amazing picture. A person goes through stages of infancy, childhood, adolescence, adolescence, maturity, old age and aging. These periods are measured in years. In a dog, the duration of the stages of maturation is sometimes compressed only in a few months.So, the way of a one year old human baby a newborn puppy passes in 2 months.

The table below allows you to put an equal sign between different periods of the formation of a person from infancy to old age andpet development.

Human age (number of years)

Age of dog

2 months

6 months

8 months

12 months

18 months

2 years

3 years

4 years

10 years

11 years

12 years

13 years

14 years

15 years

16 years

This correlation helps the owner to better understand the behavior and needs of the pet.As in human society, kids are energetic and curious, adolescents are impulsive and categorical, mature ones are confident in their abilities, the elderly are slow, wise and calm.

Lifetime of domestic dogs

Life expectancy depends on the breed.

The lifespan of dogs by breedshown in the table:

Breed name

Age (years)

Wolfhound irish



St. Bernard

Shar pei

Basset hound

Caucasian Shepherd Dog


Chow chow







English Spaniel


West Siberian Husband

German Shepherd



Bull terrier


Akita Inu






Cocker Spaniel


Siberian Husky



Chinese Crested


Dog Argentine





Dwarf Spitz



how manydog lifespanit will be impossible to say for sure in advance for a particular breed in each particular case.The mortality of dogs, programmed for the longest life possible, can be affected by distemper or heredity, accident, or even stress. But with proper care in the hands of a caring owner, each dog can not only live a happy life within the time frame of its breed, but also be included in the list of long-livers.

The lifespan of dogs by breed

Why large breeds of dogs live less

The above table eloquently shows that large breeds of dogs live much less than their small counterparts. If the maximum age of a Maltese dog is 20 years, a spitz and chihuahua is 17, then the Irish wolfhound, Newfoundland and Mastiff have only 8, and the mastiff and St. Bernard have no more than 10.

This is explained, first of all, by the great weight, which is a heavy burden on the whole organism of the giant dog. More often than in small breeds, the giant's heart contracts, supplying blood to an enormous body.Representatives of large breeds often suffer not only from heart diseases, but also diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Note thatdog lifespandepends not only on large or small breed.The important point is the constitution of the dog, its heredity, balance of nutrition and physical activity.Careful and responsible attitude of the owner to the content of the pet eliminates the negative impact of the load on the heart and joints.

how much life is a dog

Pet heredity

Not only size, but also heredity has a great effect on longevity At the genetic level, a predisposition to diseases is laid. The health and conditions of the mother before conception, during pregnancy and feeding are of great importance for the formation of a puppy, because it is in the womb that the general condition of the body is laid.

In the nurseries, information about how long the ancestors of the baby lived, what they were sick during their lives, what caused their death, is tracked without fail. This information helps to build a pet's lifestyle, diet and exercise. Together, it helps to minimize the possibility of hereditary pathologies and increase the life expectancy of domestic dogs.

"Multifamily Nobles", or Why Poochs Live Longer

It is believed that the mongrel live much longer than their purebred relatives. In the blood of each pooch, signs of more than one breed are mixed in, which gives each of them a personality. Intellect, height and weight, health - these qualities of different breeds can manifest themselves to a greater or lesser degree. It is important that the hereditary diseases characteristic of their pedigree ancestors are passed on to descendants much less frequently. This is explained by the hard natural selection, which the mestizos undergo in the whole way of their existence.

However, the lifespan of a mongrel in nature may be very different from what it really is waiting for. If the homeless yard terrier lives on the street, then he is constantly under stress. The quality of food produced in garbage cans, diet, weather conditions have a negative impact on him.

The life span of a dog at home can be significantly improved if the natural potential of a “multi-breed nobleman” is properly developed. Proper nutrition, cleanliness, regular vaccinations, planned exercise, timely veterinary care give a chance to significantly increase life expectancy,which depends primarily not on heredity and breed, but on the responsibility of a caring owner.

The exception to the rule: long-livers dog kingdom

Despite the fact that the age of our pets is much shorter than that of humans, any dog ​​in theory can become a long-liver.

Record long-livers, immortalized in the Guinness Book of Records, have become a few dogs, among them:

  • Max lived 29 years, 9 months. He was born in the USA in 1983, died in 2013. In his blood were mixed breed signs terrier, beagle, dachshunds.
  • Blue lived 29 years, 5 months. She was born in Australia in 1910, died in 1939. More than 20 years of her life were spent on pastures, where Blue helped to feed the sheep. The Blue-bred breed is an Australian herding dog (Australian healer). It is noteworthy that this breed cannot boast of a long life span: it is just over 13 years old.
  • Bremble lived for 27 years. Born in the UK in 1975, died in 2002. Breed - collie. The age limit for dogs of this breed is 13-14 years.
  • Pusuke lived 26 years, 8 months. Born in Japan in 1985, died in 2011. Pusuke was a half-breed in which shiba-inu's blood flowed. Japanese dog experts estimate that, by human standards, Pusuke lived about 125 years.

Dog life expectancy at home

What is the key to longevity

dog life spanmore dependent on compliancea few basic rules:

  • Food should be balanced, diverse, appropriate to the needs of the breed.
  • It is necessary to control the weight of the pet, not allowing obesity, which can lead to the development of heart and joint diseases.
  • It is necessary to observe the mode of the day: timely meals, regular exercise.
  • Hygiene procedures for the dog, cleanliness and comfortable temperature conditions in the room where the animal is kept, have a great influence on the general condition of the pet.
  • In the family, peace and harmony, care and tenderness should reign, since the atmosphere of constant scandals is a stress for a pet.
  • Veterinary inspection should be regular: vaccination, treatment from parasites, disease prevention.
  • The possibility of accidents must be minimized. This can be achieved by proper education. If the dog is accustomed not to lift food from the ground and not to take it from someone else’s hands, the possibility of poisoning is excluded. If the pet crosses the road only with the permission of the owner, it will not fall under the car. If since childhood he was forbidden to gnaw the wires, then he is not threatened with an electric shock.

Let every pet as much as possible pleases its owners with excellent health and vigorous mood, lives happily ever after. To do this, not so much: to understand the full extent of responsibility for the life of your pet and love him.

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