The essence of the concept of technical and economic indicators of the enterprise
The very concept of technical and economic indicatorsenterprise implies a system of meters that characterize the entire material and production base of the enterprise, as well as the use of resources in the complex. This type of activity is used to analyze and plan the organization of labor production, the quality of products, the level of technology, the use of labor and other resources, fixed and circulating funds, and is the basis for the development of such a document as the technical-planplan. In addition, economic norms and standards.
Technical and economic indicators of the enterprisesubdivide into common ones that are uniform for enterprises of all industries, and specific ones that are designed to reflect the features of the production of hotel industries.
Among the indicators of a general type, there are various coefficients of electrification and power-to-labor ratio, the degree of specialization and mechanization of production, and other criteria.
Main technical and economic indicatorsenterprises from the list of the same specific criteria are defined for each individual industry in the relevant legislative act issued at the level of the ministry, etc. For example, in such an industry as the electric power industry, when determining the fuel consumption for the production of 1 kWh and 1 Gcal of thermal energy, it is necessary to take into account the increasing share of high-tech and economical equipment that can operate at high and super high steam temperatures, increase in electricity consumption for heat consumption, efficiency of heat-generating aggregates and mechanisms, reduction (increase) in the amount of fuel oil (gas) in the generation of heat and electricity.
In order to make a correct analysis andthe assessment of the enterprise and its technical and economic level uses some of the company's key indicators in particular: the share of products whose technical and economic indicators correspond to or exceed the highest achievements of science and technology both inside the country and abroad; the share of products that are already obsolete and will be refurbished or fully decommissioned; level of automation and mechanization of the enterprise; the relative and absolute decrease or increase in the number of employees in the enterprise, the reduction of production costs and the increase in labor productivity by improving the level of production through technical innovations and innovations.
Technical and economic indicators of the enterprisespecific level is usually characterized by structural and qualitative changes in the output that is produced, the level and condition of the technical base and equipment in the industry, as well as the use of equipment. In addition, there are also material consumption in production, labor productivity expressed in natural terms, output volumes using technical equipment and modern technological processes.
Technical and economic indicators of the enterprise forthe level of use of fixed assets and capacities can be characterized by: intensive use (expressed as the ratio of the number of products released to the maximum allowable period of use of these funds), extensive (determined by the ratio of the time of actual use and the maximum possible period of use of equipment and funds), integral (determined by producing the first two indicators).
Technical and economic indicators of the enterprisebuilt in a clear system by economic sectors, together with the correct methodology for calculating them, will allow us to perform a systematic comparison of the technical and organizational level at the enterprise, to identify reserves within the production and to improve the development of prospective and current plans.