The concepts included in the cost of sales
Under the cost price it is necessary to understand the costs,directed on performance of various works, manufacture of production or rendering of concrete services. Typically, this concept includes the costs associated with the production of the manufactured goods. Sometimes this indicator is calculated taking into account the commercial and managerial costs that are allocated to each unit of output.
Thus, the prime cost consists of various indicators: the expense on payment to workers, on amortization of the basic means and so forth.
What is the sale of products at cost?
The cost of sales is an important indicator of financial statements, which goes after the proceeds. The financial results from sales also include other management costs.
So, this concept is based on costs,which the firm bears on realization of made production. It also includes transportation and other services of organizations from outside. In addition, the sold goods give one more indicator, presented in the form of the cost price of the sold products. It consists of the costs of the production of goods, its sale, as well as management.
That's why every entrepreneur is interested ina question related to how you can calculate the cost of sales. The formula used to calculate this concept is as follows: the cost of raw materials, materials, components + direct labor costs.
The tasks and value of managing the cost of sales
Managing the cost of sales is importantprocess of management. It is influenced by factors such as the structure of output, production volume, cost allocation, cost accounting, the quality of the product and so on.
An analysis of the cost of production is an important criterion that characterizes the economic efficiency of the production process.
The cost of sales allows you to accurately calculate not only the future profit of each enterprise, but also determine what the profitability of the organization will be.
An important role in the analysis of this concept is played in the financial statement of costs, their research, planning and control.
Thus, the analysis of the cost of sales provides the company's CFO with all the necessary information related to the costs of the enterprise and management personnel.
In addition, this indicator allows us to identify opportunities for increasing the effectiveness of the use of labor, material and monetary resources during the production, supply, and marketing of products.
Management and analysis of this process consists of the following stages:
- cost planning;
- cost control.
Since the cost of sales is importantmicro- and macro-indicators, for its calculation, economists take into account all costs of the firm. After all, only the minimum costs and the maximum revenue will ensure the company a high net profit, therefore, make the enterprise profitable.