Teaching children how to keep a pen when writing: 8 simple ways and a few helpful tips.
If a four-year-old child is given a pencil, then he will surely take it into a fist. Although at this age period a similar way of grabbing writing instruments is considered to be a relative norm, it is worth thinking about how to teach a child to hold a pen correctly.
A bad habit will necessarily affect writing and handwriting, and even academic performance, since incorrect grasp leads to quick fatigue, inconvenience and unwillingness to work in a notebook.
And yet it is possible to teach a child to write correctly, since there are several effective methods, one of which will definitely appeal to the future student.
How to keep writing materials?
Have you thought about whether you take a pencil or not? In adults, this happens “on the machine”, but the child still doesn’t understand how to hold the pen correctly.
If the child is right-handed, the writing instrument should be located on the left side of the middle finger. The index finger presses the handle, not allowing to slide off. The biggest finger holds it from the left side. In the case of a left-handed child, the method of holding is, therefore, absolutely mirrored.
To check the correctness of the grip of writing materials, ask the child to slightly raise the index finger. If a pencil falls out of the palm of your hand, it means that children's fingers are not positioned correctly.
With the “idle” fingers, the baby is free to dispose of at its discretion. Usually, the little finger and ring finger are pressed to the palm of the hand, some people hide them closer to the thumb when writing.
To grab a pencil did not cause inconvenience, you need to teach your child to perform the following simple steps:
- First of all, explain to the future student that the writing materials are not held vertically in the palm of your hand, but under such a slope that the upper tip “looks” at the shoulder.
- The upper phalanx of the middle fingers is the place where the pencil fits. The index finger should support it from the top, and the large one from the left. The remaining fingers are pressed to the palm.
- Having a hand on the surface of the table, it is important to determine the correct point of support. It is the third phalanx of the little finger and the outer side of the palm.
- So that the muscles do not strain too much, you can not overly compress the pencil - fingers should be relaxed. And the distance from the finger grip to the end of the rod is approximately 1.5-2 centimeters.
If the child constantly ignores these recommendations, be sure to remind, but do not say the word "wrong." Better show how to do and keep.
How to hold a pen - 8 basic learning methods
To date, there are several techniques, algorithms and methods that will tell parents how to teach a child to hold a pen correctly. They are distinguished by simplicity, efficiency and versatility. You will only have to choose the most suitable method and start learning.
Method number 1. Pincer grip
If the child takes the handle in the palm of the hand all the time incorrectly, show how the tweezer grip method works.
The exercise looks like this: the kid holds a pencil with three main fingers at the top tip, and the bottom one puts it perpendicular to the table surface. Then the fingers smoothly move downward until they themselves take the ideal position required by the letter.
Method number 2. "Lulling" handles
If a child is very young, then it is quite possible to play with curious fun. Suggest the baby to imagine that the pen should be put to bed in the “bed”. And for this you should put a “pad” under her “head” and cover with a “cover” on top.
It is easy to guess that the “bed” is the middle finger, the “cushion” is the index finger, and the “bedspread” is the thumb, respectively.
Method number 3. Using a napkin
This technique will need a napkin and a pencil. We fold this accessory several times and suggest that the child should be pressed against the palm of his hand with a nameless finger and little finger. The remaining “working” fingers are straightened and take the writing instrument with them, as we described above. The clamped fingers will no longer “interfere” with the correct grip.
Method number 4. Darts
It turns out that throwing darts also helps to develop writing skills.Therefore, if the child can not understand the principle of grabbing a pencil, try to teach him to play such an exciting and dynamic game like darts.
It is known that the correct holding of a dart (with three fingers) significantly increases the probability of hitting the bull's eye. So having taught a child this game, just remind every time he sits down for a letter that the pencil is the same dart.
Method number 5. Special pad
Today's manufacturer of office supplies offer a variety of simulators that help you learn to write more quickly. Among them are special attachments for writing-materials, in which there are notches for fingers, so it’s just not possible to take a pencil from a child.
Another plus of such attachments is the variety of shapes, colors and materials and, of course, the division into simulators for right-handers and left-handed children.
Method number 6. With crayons
Another good writing machine is ordinary pastel crayons, broken into pieces no longer than 3 centimeters. Crayons of this size the child simply can not take the cam, so he will have to grab it only with your fingers.
The kid, having learned to draw using this method, will easily switch to other writing materials.
Method number 7. Self-taught pen
For students to write children, special training pens have been developed, which have a triangular shape and special notches for fingers, which greatly simplifies the process of writing.
In addition, the mass of these pens is a little smaller than that of ordinary pens and pencils, which also helps the future “clerk”.
Method number 8. Mark on the finger
Perhaps this is the simplest method. You will only need to draw a point on the finger - where the writing instrument must be located. Exactly the same label, but, for example, in the form of a dash you can leave at a distance of 1.5 cm from the tip of the rod. Explain to the child that the fingers should not fall below this mark.
Preparing children's hands for writing
So, the child has learned to take and hold a pencil in the palm of his hand, but this skill alone is not enough to write beautifully and quickly. It is important to train the child’s hand, and this can be done with well-known exercises:
- Finger gymnastics.The development of fine motor skills and the ability to hear an adult - such a skill is extremely important for the future student. Charging for the fingers is carried out with the help of pies, special rhymes.
- Cutting.Engage in games with scissors should be from four years, according to safety rules. First you need to cut well-defined figures, then - with visual control without drawing. Appliques will be made from cut parts.
- Drawing.It is necessary to paint with completely different accessories - with colored pencils, chalk, felt-tip pens, water-colors. This will help build the ability to choose the right pressure.
- Hatching.There are many types of hatching - parallel, wavy, circular, etc. It is important to teach the child to draw lines without a gap and to observe a certain interval between them.
The child should know that:
- sit with a straight back;
- legs are on the floor;
- it is impossible to lean on the table;
- elbows are located on the writing surface;
- The paper sheet is laid at a gradient of 30 degrees.
The above recommendations will tell adults how to teach a child how to properly hold a pencil and other writing utensils.
It is only important to remember that the baby should not be drilled, on the contrary, it is necessary to turn learning into fun fun in order to generate sincere children's interest.