Problems of study programs: articles in English
According to teachers and compilers of textbooks, articles in English are the simplest topic. Such a conclusion is made because it is one of the first rules that is studied hardly in the first lesson. To date, this very first lesson falls on grade 1-2.
Why no one knows the rules for applying articles?
And, probably, everyone should know the rules of their use? Apparently, this is how it should be. But the reality is not at all like this: schoolchildren calmly translate texts over several years of study, but of what articles in Englishand when you need to apply, and do not know until the very prom. With a few exceptions. The reason is commonplace. This topic is not as simple as its textbook authors present it. At the same time she is given 1-2 lessons, and even in junior classes. From here we get:
- At best, children's knowledge at this time is limited to a couple of dozen words, which makes it impossible to make out various cases; the only thing that most people manage to remember is the difference in the use of “a” and “an”.
- If a child missed these same 1-2 lessons, then he will not understand the topic at all for several years.
- After some time, in grades 3-6 (depending on the program), children again study the articles in English. They are given 1-2 lessons again, the emphasis is mainly on the use of “the” with geographical names.
- As a result, if you are lucky enough to communicate with an American or an Englishman, he will be perplexed about how badly we know banal things ...
Where is the article
If you want to speak really correctly, do not ignore articles in English. The rules for their use are quite simple, you just need to practice a little. There are only 3 articles in English - a, an and the. The first two are referred to as undefined and are one in two versions. “A” is used when the next word begins with a consonant, “an” - with a vowel. Any of them can only refer to a noun, but it is not always in front of it. He can also stand before an adjective or an adverb relating to this noun. For example, in the phrase "beautiful girl" the article will be located as follows:
The appointment of an indefinite article
The name itself tells us how to use the articles in English. The definite (the) means that we are talking about a particular subject or person (“the same girl”). But the use of the indefinite (a or an) implies that this is some kind of object or person, and it is not known exactly who we are talking about. Also, this article is used only in front of those nouns that stand in the singular. In general, a and an are used when you could replace it with “some”.
Appointment of a definite article
But the indefinite articles in English can be applied to both the singular and the plural, as well as countable and uncountable nouns. It is also used with geographical names, but this is a separate topic. It is important to understand that the article can be perceived as a replacement for the word “the very one”, that is, we are talking about a specific subject. For example, if this is a dog (some kind of it, any), we say “a dog”, but if we are talking about someone’s dog, then “the dog”. Also an important part of this rule is that if it has already been said about a subject (person), then “the” should be used.This is best seen from the example:
I seeagirl. I see a girl.The girlis beautiful.
Remembering these simple basics will make it much easier to learn how to use articles.