Poet Vvedensky Alexander Ivanovich: biography, creativity, and interesting facts
Vvedensky Alexander Ivanovich is a Russian playwright and was one of the founders and members of the literary association OBERIU. During his lifetime, he was best known for his works for children, although he wrote them exclusively for earnings. But the serious things of the writer were in print many years after his death. About difficult, but interesting fate of the poet we will talk in this article.
Alexander Vvedensky: biography. A family
The future poet was born in St. Petersburg on November 23, 1904. His father, Ivan Viktorovich, came from a priest’s family, but was able to get a law degree from Kiev University. This allowed him to enroll in the cadet infantry school, and then to the civil service, where he received the title of State Councilor. With the advent of the Soviet government took the post of economist.The writer's mother, Evgenia Ivanovna, was the daughter of a lieutenant general, was able to receive a good medical education in tsarist times, and during the Soviets she became a famous doctor.
In total, the family had four children. Surprisingly, the Vvedenskys were able to avoid repression because of their “socially alien origin.” Perhaps due to the demand for mastered professions.
High school years
In 1914, Alexander Vvedensky was enrolled in the St. Petersburg Cadet Corps, along with his younger brother. However, in 1917, the mother decided to transfer her sons to the gymnasium, which later became the 10th Labor School. L. Lentovsky. The future poet graduated from the educational institution in 1921.
This gymnasium differed from other similar institutions by talented and experienced teachers, stories of which were used throughout the city. Here Vvedensky made his first friends - Ya. S. Druskin and L. S. Lipavsky. He also met his future wife, T. A. Meyer, with whom the writer registered the relationship immediately after graduating from the gymnasium, but divorced in 1930. During these years, a young Alexander began to try to write poems.
After graduating from labor school,where they had already renamed the gymnasium, Vvedensky went to work as a clerk, and then they made him a bookkeeper at the construction site of the Utkina Zavod power station. In 1922, he managed to enter the Pedagogical University at the Faculty of Social Sciences with a degree in Law.
Simultaneously with his studies, he continued to work. So, from 1923 to 1924 he served in the Phonological Department. During these years he became a member of the Leningrad Poets Union, when he was asked about the direction, he referred his work to futuristic.
1925 was a landmark for the writer: Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky made his acquaintance with Daniil Kharms. This event was fateful for both poets. From that moment their joint writing activity began. In the same 1925 they published their poems in the collection of imagists “Extraordinary Dates of Friends”.
Soon Harms and Vvedensky joined the ranks of the avant-garde theater-literary group. It was she who in 1927 received the name OBERIU, which stands for “Association of real art”. The adherents of this association preached primitivism and absurdism in art, believing that the most interesting are only one meaningless phenomenon.
Vvedensky and Kharms were the most famous of the Oberiuts, but the latter took the leading and organizing role. Alexander Ivanovich did not resist.
Features of creativity
Alexander Vvedensky was very far from the futuristic ideas about a wonderful future, which brought him closer to Velimir Khlebnikov. There were many common points in their works: simplified metrics and rhyming; frequent thematic and formal references to classical texts; a special distortion of the rhythm and the typing of poetic lines. However, there was a significant difference in the subject matter: Vvedensky never let in the romanticization of the past or the future. The only thing that the poet believed and wrote about was God, death and time.
Alexander Vvedensky (verses prove it) believed that time can only manifest itself in death, but Khlebnikov was sure that time laws were immutable. In one of the poems of Alexander Ivanovich there is an exclamation: “Ah! Pushkin ... ”This most clearly conveys his view of the world as a collapsed civilization not only in historical terms, but also in the metaphysical one.
Oberiuts did not last long.The workers and peasants did not understand their poems and saw in them only apoliticality and unreliability. In Soviet newspapers and magazines, the poets of the circle were seriously attacked by critics. All this led to the destruction of the literary community.
Arrest and reference
In 1931, Alexander Vvedensky was arrested. His poems were considered unreliable, but this was not enough for imprisonment, so the reason was the accusation that he made a toast to Nicholas II. There is also a version that the reason was the performance of the royal hymn at one of the meetings. Besides him, other Oberiuts were taken into custody.
After a year in prison, he was sent into exile in Kursk, where he lived in the same apartment with Kharms, then he moved first to Vologda, then to Borisoglebsk. Despite the disgrace, Vvedensky Alexander continued to write all this time, and in 1934 he was admitted to the Union of Writers.
This fact helped him in 1936 to return to Leningrad. But soon the writer left the big city and settled in Kharkov with his second wife, and a year later their son Peter was born. Here the poet lived in complete isolation from the literary world.
In 1941, Vvedensky was again arrested.This time he was accused of counter-revolutionary agitation. Reliable information about the death of the poet has not been preserved. There is only an assumption that he died on December 19, 1941 on the way to Kazan. Place of burial unknown.
Works for kids
Alexander Vvedensky wrote for children, like Harms, on the initiative of S. Marshak. The Oberiuts could not earn their serious poetry at that time, so they gladly accepted the offer. And since 1928, Vvedensky has been accepted to compose children's poems, fairy tales and short stories. His works are actively published in magazines.
During her creative career Alexander Vvedensky wrote about thirty books for children. The most famous is his poem “Who?”, Which was his first work for kids.