Orthodox holiday of Savior in August - features, history and dates
Augustus is rich in folk holidays. gradually replaced by the day of Boris and Gleb, he, in turn, Kalinnik and Obzhinkami. But only 3 holidays officially recognized by the Church are Spas (Honey, Apple and Nut). Orthodox and pagan beliefs are closely intertwined in their celebration.
Three Spas in August: when?
The very first holiday - Honey. In the people he is also called the Bee Savior, Makovy, Maccabee, Honey or Bee Holiday, Spas on the Water, Spasovka. It is celebrated on August 14th. It is worth noting that from this day on the 28th of the month the Orthodox have a strict Assumption fast.
The second Savior in August - Apple. It is sometimes referred to as the Second or Middle Savior, the Pea Day, the Savior on the Mountain, the First Falls, the Autumn, the Feast of the First Fruits. Falls on the great Orthodox day - the Feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord. Celebrated on August 19th.
The third holiday is Nut (it was nicknamed by the people of Khlebny or Kholshchov, Doshevka, Sowing, Savior on canvas or canvas). On the same day, services are held in the Church in honor of the Icon of the Hand of Jesus Christ. The date of the Savior in August is the 29th.
This Savior was set in August in honor of two great victories: Andrew Bogolyubsky over the Bulgarians and the Greek Emperor Manuel over the Arab soldiers. They are said to be both devout people and have the Holy Cross of the Lord in their troops. At the hour of the decisive battle, they prayed before the icons of the Mother of God and the Savior, asking for help, and light descended on their troops. Having received a wonderful vision, the commanders of their soldiers led the battle and won. In honor of this event, the peasants later organized a procession to the river, where they sanctified the water and bathed their horses. By the way, the second name of the holiday went from here - Wet Spas.
The church on August 14 also marks the day of the memory of the Maccabees (these are 7 Old Testament martyrs). In their honor, Christians today bring special bouquets called “poppy seeds” for consecration, consisting of several heads of mature poppy, summer and autumn flowers, branches of viburnum, oats, sunflower and wormwood. It is believed that they can not be thrown away, as this will scare away luck and happiness.Should be stored in the house as a talisman, you can near the icons.
According to the tradition, hostess bake delicious cakes, pancakes, buns with poppy seeds and honey, and beekeepers clean honeycombs, as it is believed that insects stop carrying nectar on this day and start flying into hives for wintering. It is worth noting that the honey collected today, according to many experts, has special strength and is able to help in the treatment of various diseases.
The history of Apple Savior in August began during the life of Christ among the people. According to legend, several of the apostles, who climbed Mount Tabor together with the Messiah, fell asleep on the spot during their rest. They awoke from the bright radiance that emanated from the Holy One who talked with Elijah and Moses about going to Jerusalem. At that time a fog descended on the mountain, from which the voice of the Lord himself came. Frightened, the disciples fell on their faces and lay until Jesus touched them and asked them not to tell anyone anything until the execution. So, the apostles were the first people to realize that He is the Son of God. Everything that happened was the reason for celebrating a great holiday - the Church Savior in August.
In the people this day is celebrated as widely as possible. Believers go to church, sanctify apples and treat them to almost everyone who meets on the way, and also sing and congratulate each other. In addition, housewives prepare compotes and jams on Apple Spas, bake cakes, and dry fruit as a talisman. If desired, it is today that young girls can ask for apple love, beauty and good luck in business, and mothers can pray to God for their children, their addresses will be heard.
Of the three Spas in August, Walnut is the least popular. However, he appeared in honor of Jesus Christ. It is said that during the time of His living, one prince who believed was sent his artist to him with a letter in which he asked to be cured of a serious illness. When the master saw the Saint, he greatly wanted to paint His image, but, no matter how hard he tried, he failed. Then Jesus washed and wiped his face with a handkerchief on which His features immediately appeared.
Christ sent his pristine image to the prince in a reverse letter with the words that after ascension the student will appear and heal from the illness. The worthy gentleman, having bowed to the received image, recovered almost completely and at first kept the handkerchief in his city of Edess, and then transferred it to Constantinople.The transfer of the image was carried out on August 29, N.
The people on this day bake fresh bread, sanctify the ears of the new crop, make various amulets and talismans from hazel branches, which, according to the belief of many, are filled with this Savior with extraordinary magical power. In addition, right now in the villages they are beginning to dig early potatoes, harvest hazelnuts and cook pastries with them, and in the cities great festivals. Young girls on this Spas can tell fortunes on torn off nuts: if they are sweet and ripe, to great love; if unsuccessful - to the important news; if it tastes bitter, it will change your loved one, and if it is rotten, it turned out to be in trouble.
Holiday Proverbs and Sayings
Once people strictly adhered to the signs. For example, they believed that if it rained on Honey Spas, it means that fires will not happen soon, and if it is on Apple, January will be snowy. In their opinion, a good harvest of nuts necessarily indicated that a lot of bread would be born next year, and the early departure of swallows and cranes (about a week before the Nut festival) showed that winter would come early and be frosty.Of course, now few people are already paying attention to these signs, which is a pity, because they are the direct heritage of our ancestors.
What to cook on the Savior?
Unfortunately, many traditions are forgotten. However, no one bothers you to invite some of the Savior in August to his guests home and feed them something tasty. For example, on the Honey Holiday you can make delicious poppy pies and gingerbread, kvass. On the first fall, it is worth serving a charlotte on condensed milk, a curd cake with apples or some light salad. Cider or juice will go well from drinking on this day. On Nut Spas, you can treat relatives and friends with jam with nuts, peanut cookies, apples with nut-honey filling. Here the choice depends only on you.
As a conclusion
Now you know what Spas in August are, in honor of which they are named, how to celebrate them and what to cook on this or that day. If possible, try to follow the traditions and customs of our ancestors, at least some. Remember that without them there would be no us today. Happy holiday and God bless you!