Nikita Mikhalkov: biography, personal life, creativity. Film director, actor, screenwriter and producer Nikita Mikhalkov
Russian cinema has always been famous for its incredibly talented filmmakers. Back in the times of the Soviet Union, many creative personalities appeared who had something to tell. And to share their thoughts with the people of the country, they chose art. And, as you know, cinema has long become in this regard the most popular type of creative activity. During the years of its existence in the Soviet and Russian period, more than a hundred great masterpieces were created, many of which enjoyed success not only in their homeland, but also far beyond its borders. And one of those people who was able to bring our cinema to a new level, no doubt, is the director, actor and producer Nikita Mikhalkov. The biography of this remarkable person will be described in our article.We will try to cover all areas of its activities and analyze them in the smallest details.
Nikita Mikhalkov: biography
Nikita Mikhalkov was born on October 21, 1945 in Moscow. His parents were already quite famous personalities who left a serious mark on art. Sergey Mikhalkov was a writer. To this day, many appreciate the contribution he made to this area. Nikita's mother was a famous poetess. So it’s easy to guess why, in the end, Mikhalkov decided to also link his life with art. Even then, the doors to the infinite world of creativity were opened for him.
However, Nikita Mikhalkov would hardly have been able to achieve such a serious success if he had not received a proper education. Without this, it was quite difficult in the USSR to build a worthy career and make a name for oneself.
Already at a fairly young age, Nikita was able to enter a prestigious educational institution. At the Central Music School at the Moscow Conservatory, he studied for about three years, studying the skill of playing the piano. Then Nikita did not yet know that in the future he would become famous in a completely different field of activity.In addition, Mikhalkov regularly attended the Stanislavsky Drama School. In it, he learned all the basics of acting, which will repeatedly help him in the future.
Realizing that in acting he feels like a fish in water, the young man entered the drama school to get a higher education and become a professional actor. Already at that time, Nikita's unsurpassed talent was felt, who was one of the best students of his course.
However, in the fourth year a curious situation occurred, due to which Mikhalkov was excluded. The thing is, he took part in the shooting. And it was strictly forbidden in those years. All this forced Nikita to look for a new place to get a “tower”. The choice of a young man fell on the oldest film institute of the country - VGIK. Unexpectedly for many, he decides not to act, but to directing faculty. Even then, the future star of the Soviet and Russian cinema felt that his soul lies precisely with this creative activity.
End of study and service in the army
As a result, Nikita Mikhalkov, whose biography is full of ups and downs, successfully completed his studies.His thesis work was the first feature film, called "Calm Day at the End of the War", to which he also wrote the script himself. The study was over. It is time to think about your career. But instead, Nikita decided to serve in the army. He went to Kamchatka, where he spent a year. According to his colleagues, even there Nikita did not forget about creativity and regularly arranged shows that gathered full halls.
The beginning of a creative way
As mentioned earlier, he began acting in films during his studies. In the 60s, Nikita played many notable roles, which, step by step, made him a celebrity. The actor Nikita Mikhalkov received the greatest fame thanks to the classic motion picture of George Danelia "I walk across Moscow". He appeared on the screens back in 1964 and suddenly became a hit. Nikita Mikhalkov at that time was only eighteen years old. However, this did not prevent him from already playing one of his best roles in his career. Also, the actor proved himself as a good singer, performing the same song. The film gained fame not only at home, but also abroad.In particular, he was included in the program of the Cannes Film Festival, where he received many rave reviews.
The first samples as a screenwriter
The hero of our article did not stop there. He felt the potential in himself and decided to try his hand at writing scripts. Only his first work was not in a movie, but in a commercial. The promotional film was named "Chocolate" and became the first commercial of such a plan in the history of the Soviet Union. So even here Nikita was able to make history.
Beginning directorial career
Despite his acting and writing skills, Nikita still saw himself as a director. However, with the filming of his first full-fledged film, he postponed for a long time. There were good reasons for this. But despite this, his debut motion picture immediately became a classic and a hit of the Soviet hire. Next, we will talk about the most prominent directorial works of Nikita in Soviet times.
"His among strangers, a stranger among his"
The first work of a young director was filmed in the Western genre, which was a bold and unconventional solution for the Soviet cinema of those years.The inspiration for Mikhalkov was inspired by the legendary Italian films by Sergio Leone with Clint Eastwood in the lead role. Mikhalkov managed to immediately express themselves in all its glory. In addition to being a director, Mikhalkov also played one of the main roles. Also in the film such stars as Yuri Bogatyrev, Anatoly Solonitsyn and Konstantin Raikin were shot. Music was written by the legendary Edward Artemyev. His motives to this day remain on the ears of many moviegoers.
Unfinished Piece for Mechanical Piano
Seventies were for Mikhalkov the most prolific period in his career. According to many critics, it was then that the main masterpiece films of Nikita Mikhalkov were created and his unique directing style was finally formed. "The Unfinished Piece for the Mechanical Piano" is the third Nikita film. By that time, he had already established himself as a person who can be trusted with substantial money for shooting movies.
This drama is based on several famous works of the outstanding Russian writer Anton Chekhov. So it is not surprising that the motion picture turned out to be chamber: the action takes place in the framework of one small country house, where old friends gather,who have not seen each other for a long time. As a result, Mikhalkov managed to create an amazing tape with a piercing plot full of realism.
The activity of Nikita Mikhalkov in those years was not limited to directing. From time to time he could also be found in films of other famous filmmakers. The main success of the seventies can rightly be considered "Siberiad". This saga, which was well received abroad and received a huge number of high awards (even despite the numerous scandals associated with the Cannes Film Festival).
"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson: The Hound of the Baskervilles"
Probably each of us remembers the famous Soviet series about the adventures of the British detective Sherlock Holmes, who to this day is considered by many critics to be the best adaptation of the same name. The Hound of the Baskervilles is undoubtedly the best film in this series. One of the main roles in the telekartine went to Nikita Mikhalkov. He played the role of Lord Baskerville and once again showed the world his extraordinary manner of acting.
In the nineties, Mikhalkov Nikita Sergeevich continued his vigorous creative activity and took off at least a dozen masterpieces. In 1993 came his main masterpiece entitled "Burnt by the Sun", which received the prestigious American Academy Award for best film in a foreign language. After more than ten years, the director shot a sequel in two parts. However, these films by Nikita Mikhalkov were no longer popular and were extremely coldly received by both critics and ordinary viewers.
At the end of the nineties, the Siberian The Barber film was released, which also had a tremendous success. The stars of both Russian and Western cinema were shot in it. After that, according to many, Nikita's career began to decline. And it’s hard not to agree.
Finally, it is also worth mentioning the domestic remake of the cult American film "12 Angry Men." Russian adaptation received the name "12". The action has been postponed in our days. Remarkable is the fact that the action of the film unfolds within the same room. And the cameras are installed in such a way that every actor is always in the lens, thus not being able to relax or be distracted during the shooting process."12" was nominated for an Oscar, but did not receive it.
Internet activities and the creation of the channel Besogon TV
In early 2011, Nikita Mikhalkov began to actively conquer the Internet. For a start, he signed up for a live magazine, which he later regularly updated. Since the video blog was chosen as the format of communication with the audience, all this led to the creation of the Besogon TV channel. Quickly enough, “Besogon TV” Nikita Mikhalkov gained unprecedented popularity and won first place in the ratings. The essence of this blog was to answer questions from fans. Besogon TV by Nikita Mikhalkov was created with the aim of refuting false data about his personality and creativity.
The program of Nikita Mikhalkov
Also this talented person repeatedly tried to conquer the vastness of TV. In 1992, the author's program of Nikita Mikhalkov was released under the name "Crossroads". That's just it existed very briefly, since it was banned to be shown.
Public opinion and criticism
Since the director Nikita Mikhalkov was never shy about expressing his opinion and was always in plain sight, often his views and proposals were seriously criticized by the public and journalists. Sometimes it all even led to the real scandals.In particular, we can recall the story of his place in the Union of Cinematographers. Ultimately, all this led to the fact that the general decision of the members of this union, Nikita Sergeevich Mikhalkov, was removed from the post of chairman.
After the release of his sequels, "Burnt by the Sun", the Internet was full of a flurry of caricatures, evil jokes and views of these films. All this, of course, was done in a negative and judgmental style. Nikita Mikhalkov, whose biography is full of interesting facts and events, could not adequately respond to criticism and even threatened to condemn those who ridicule his work with impunity on the Internet. However, the matter did not go further.
In 2011, the car of Nikita Mikhalkov repeatedly appeared in video recordings, fixing traffic violations. The eminent director repeatedly traveled to the oncoming lane and violated many of the rules of the road. But no punishment followed.
Nikita Mikhalkov: personal life
First of all, it is worth noting the fact that Nikita Mikhalkov is the brother of a not less famous Russian director Andrei Konchalovsky, with whom he has repeatedly collaborated throughout his career.To this day they are the leaders of Russian cinema, even despite their considerable age.
Mikhalkov was married twice. For the first time actress Anastasia Vertinskaya became his darling. Pretty quickly they had a baby. Anastasia had a son Stepan, who later became a restaurateur. However, Nikita Mikhalkov was not long in marriage. The family broke up at the very beginning of the seventies.
His second wife was Tatyana Mikhalkov, with whom he is in a relationship to this day. Children of Nikita Mikhalkov are adults. There are three of them: Artem, Anna and Nadezhda. The children of Nikita Mikhalkov from their second marriage decided to follow in the footsteps of their father and link their lives with cinema.