Morphological analysis of words and sentences
Morphological analysis of the word implies a complete comprehensive analysis of the word as part of speech. That is, you need to know all the main features and understand the structure of each separate part of speech. So what is needed for this?
Morphological analysis of the word: the necessary knowledge and skills
Before proceeding with the morphological analysis, it is worth thinking and answering a couple of questions. For example:
- do you know which parts of speech exist in Russian;
- what role each sentence in speech plays in the sentence;
- what are their individual morphological features;
- which signs belong only to a certain part of speech, and which are common (also temporary / permanent).
If you can confidently answer these questions, then the morphological analysis of the word does not make you think long. In addition to the above knowledge, you will also need the ability to determine the initial form of a word, to find the part of speech to which it belongs, and also to determine all the signs and features, along with the syntactic role.What are all these skills for? In order to break a word into its components, that is, divide it into different particles.
Morphological analysis of the word: signs and analysis patterns
As mentioned above, each word as a part of speech has its own characteristics, which are called signs. These signs are common and individual, temporary and permanent. Common characteristics include gender, time, number and case, as well as in most cases, the initial form. Morphological analysis of the word adjective will require the definition of such individual features as the form (full / short), as well as the discharge (qualitative / relative). To parse the numeral it will also be necessary to determine the rank (quantitative / ordinal) and the form (simple / compound). To analyze the verb, you will need to recall transitivity, conjugation, reflexivity, and the form (perfect / imperfect). An adverb analysis will require knowledge of the bits of this part of speech, as well as the form (pronominal / significant). Pronouns have the smallest set of features: to analyze this part of speech, it will only be necessary to determine their rank, of course, not forgetting the common signs.The morphological analysis of the word noun should be done according to the following scheme: the initial form, the form (own / nominal), animation, gender / case / number, individual trait - declination, and also the role in the sentence. To analyze the participle, it will be necessary to determine its type (perfect / imperfect), transitivity / reflexivity, the pledge of a part of speech (passive or real). For germinal participations, only the species is needed, since it is an unchangeable part of the Russian language.Thus, morphological analysis of a word requires certain knowledge, without which such a large-scale analysis of a word cannot be carried out.