Meatless week - Carnival Eve
Myasopustnaya week is included in a number of preparatoryevents preceding the Great Post, which, in turn, is the gateway to the main Orthodox and the most ancient Christian holiday of Easter, personifying the greatest event - the resurrection of the dead Jesus Christ.
The entire preparatory period before Easter
The significance of a great holiday is emphasized by the previous Great Lent, during which a person is morally and physically prepared for this event.
Prevost itself is the Great Lent of Preparationweek (three of them) and Weeks (there are four of them). At once it is necessary to make a reservation that, in the translation from the Old Slavonic language, the week is a week in the current sense, and Week is Sunday. The word is supposed to have come from the verb "not to do," which means a ban on work and dedication to God. All in modern terms, the preparatory cycle before Easter is 70 days. It begins with Sunday (Week of the Publican and the Pharisee) and ends with the Great Sabbath, which marks the end of Holy Week - last week. Great post in church usage has one more name - the Holy four-month. It is preceded, as noted above, three weeks, during which a strictly defined order of services is carried out.
Four Sundays - four milestones
Actually, not all the days of theseweeks, but only Sundays, given the names - about the publican and the Pharisee, the prodigal son, the meaty week and the cheese-free. Last Sunday coincides with the ancient, pagan and very beloved holiday - Carnival, immediately after which, on Monday, Lent begins. The essence of these preparations is the preparation of a gradual transition to severe abstinence. By itself this order is very ancient and has been known since the IV century.
Meat-free week, continuing spiritual repentanceman, begins to prepare him physically. It is the last day when you can eat meat. This day is called the Week of the Last Judgment, because on the 6th of the preceding Sunday, the Liturgy reads the pages of the Gospel dedicated to the Day of Judgment.
Start goviniya meat
What does Meat Week mean? This is the day after which the "holiday" of meat is terminated, so it was necessary to eat enough. It was believed that on that day it was decided to eat 12 times and to eat meat 12 times. This is Sunday, the end of the lean week, which begins on Monday, after Sunday (Sunday) about the prodigal son. Still this week is called in the people motley or pockmarked. This is because in two of its six days (Wednesday and Friday) are already "glowing at meat", that is, fasting. Thus, it differs from the previous week, when meat is eaten every day, and from the next cheese week, when it is not eaten at all.
Universal Parent Saturday
Meat-week week completes the week, which hasone name - the people call it a memorial. On meat Saturday, which is also called the universal parental, it was customary to go to the cemetery, to remember the deceased father and mother (in Belorussia, the funeral days were on Thursday and Friday). There are several other traditions associated with this period. These days winter weddings stopped. In support of this, there are many proverbs. One of them is "To marry at the motley - to be related with a misfortune". In addition, it was in the meat week that people went to their neighbors and invited them to their place to celebrate Shrovetide. On the eve in some regions it was decided to carefully clean the house, prepare a festive table, that is, wait for the guests.
Traditions and customs associated with this week
What is a meat week? This, on the one hand, is the eve of Cheese Week, and on the other - Sunday, after which there are exactly 56 days before the onset of Easter. To its shadow side there is some ambiguity and instability, unreliability associated with the names "motley" and "pockmarked." Therefore, there are bans on certain actions and actions these days. The people always had a lot of signs and traditions associated with any holiday. Sometimes they were peculiar. So, in some gubernias, even on Saturday, meat-and-butter started to celebrate the "Little Maslenka". Bake the first pancakes, leave some of them dead relatives. The children had their own customs on this day, for example, collecting old bast shoes, their "chants" throughout the village, with the help of which they called for spring.
It turns out that meat week, a week,The next one, like the two previous ones, is not only a preparatory period for the Great Post, but also a time for celebrations, festivities and related folk beliefs, and customs, about which dozens of proverbs and sayings are composed.