Lobachevsky State University, Nizhny Novgorod: branches and faculties
It was first founded in 1916 by the People’s University in Nizhny Novgorod, which later turned into Lobachevsky University and became the only university in the city. The idea of opening a higher education institution in the city appeared much earlier.
Every year, the world-famous fair was held in Nizhny Novgorod, and Lobachevsky University was planned to open with it in 1896. However, the first time did not work. And ten years later, this proposal was announced again - during the great revolutionary transformations that swept the country in 1906. Lobachevsky University opened a year before the Great October Socialist Revolution, that is, it took another ten years.
And in 1918, when the Civil War did not subside in the country, the country's leadership was preoccupied with the training of specialists — the national economy was in utter disruption in almost all regions.The Nizhny Novgorod regional executive committee issued a decision on which the University of Lobachevsky was included in the number of state universities. V.I. Lenin signed a decree that became a legal act and legalized the birth of a new university.
In September 1918, as many as ten faculties accepted their first students. They came to study agronomists, civil engineers, mechanics, economists, historians, philologists, biologists, physicists, chemists and mathematicians. And also the faculties of the University of Lobachevsky included a workers encyclopedic and a department of professional knowledge. In October, literally a month later, the medical department opened in the Sormovsky branch, where there were as many as nine faculties.
The time has come to be extremely difficult, the Soviet Union that has been created with difficulty and losses has not yet taken place economically, and the terrible devastation still had to be overcome. Naturally, the country was not up to high school, especially since no one suspected so far that Lobachevsky himself would give him the name. University of Nizhny Novgorod defended, took the content on its own city budget, and without a university, something tiny. But it was this help that helped the university stand.
In the thirties, industrialization was going on all over the country, which is why some of the faculties of the Lobachevsky University transformed into specialized institutions: mechanical engineering, chemical, pedagogical, agricultural, construction, medical. This meant that it practically ceased to be a classical university. It was necessary to go even further along this path with the inclusion of NIFTI, a physico-technical research institute. Since 1931, the university changed its name, now it sounded like Nizhny Novgorod State University. He stayed with three faculties - biological, physical, mathematical and chemical, the rest became independent universities.
However, its existence by the university of classical state university Lobachevsky never stopped. And we must not forget that this was the very first Soviet university, opened by special decree since 1918. Who would have thought then, in the thirties, that 30,000 students from 97 countries would receive Nizhny Novgorod University in their walls? Lobachevsky! And that among them will be more than 900 graduate students and doctoral students! And now everything is exactly like that.And the excellent preparation allows them to win both Russian and international competitions in almost all disciplines.
The university received the name of the greatest mathematics in 1956, and now it is the Nizhny Novgorod State University. Lobachevsky. His fame increased even more with the receipt of the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1976. Today, this university is known worldwide: 330 doctors of science, 19 full members and corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences gathered Nizhny Novgorod State University as lecturers as teachers. N. I. Lobachevsky under its roof.
And there are more than a thousand PhDs, 46 teachers who have won State Prizes, 48 honored workers in the field of science and one Nobel Prize winner. The scientific center of the Russian Academy of Sciences uses many faculties as its own base for scientific research. Today UNN is one of the leading universities in the country and one of the top 800 best universities in the world.
At the moment, Lobachevsky himself would be proud of this university! University of Nizhny Novgorod ranks with the main attractions of the region. Now there are 18 institutes and faculties,the four largest research institutes, the main features are a supercomputer center, a biomedical cluster, a nanotechnology center. There is also a center for innovative technologies, where there is a core business incubator.
A typographical information center for the study of computer technology by the visually impaired is known throughout the country. The university has many Internet centers. For students, researchers, graduate students and teachers have a great fundamental library. And also right on the territory where the University. NI Lobachevsky, own printing house, publishing house and the whole complex of museums work. And what a botanical garden here! The richest! In 2009, UNN became a national research university, a pillar of higher education in the region.
Lobachevsky was not yet in the name of this university, and it has already begun to grow by branches literally since its inception. There were eight of them at one time: Shukhunsky, Pavlovsky, Zavolzhsky, Dzerzhinsky, Vyksunsky, Bor, Balakhninsky and Arzamas. In this article it is impossible to tell about all in detail. Branches do not lag behind the leading high school in terms of the quality of education.Their pets are also very often the winners of the largest competitive programs aimed at the innovative development of education in Russia.
These victories happen almost every year, and some of the projects created at the university attract prominent scientists to work in Russian universities. There were seven such projects in this university. UNN them. Lobachevsky won the competition for the development of inter-university cooperation with organizations that can implement complex projects to create high-tech industries. The university is also successfully participating in programs to improve the competitiveness of Russian universities among the world's leading education centers.
Fourteen institutes and faculties of UNN train students in the magistracy for selectively listed below programs. This information is very useful for applicants, and it can be fully found on the UNN site.
- At the Institute of Biology and Biomedicine with a biology exam: biomedicine, biochemistry, immunology and molecular biology, neurobiology, microbiology and virology, animal and human physiology, biophysics, plant physiology, vertebrate zoology, botany, biology, invertebrate zoology. There are 60 budget places.
- Faculty of Radiophysics with radiophysics exam: radiophysical methods of ecology and medicine, information systems and processes, computer radiophysics, laser physics, quantum radiophysics, electromagnetic waves, acoustics, static radiophysics, physical electronics, radiophysics, nonlinear waves and oscillations. There are 40 budget places in this master’s department.
In addition, another 12 faculties and institutes of the UNN graduate graduate students graduate. The master conducts training at the highest level, which only exists in the Russian public education. This may come already having a bachelor's degree or a diploma of specialty applicants.
The most experienced specialists, real scientific luminaries and expert practitioners wise by experience teach here. A graduate receives one of the most prestigious diplomas in Russia.
The Lobachevsky UNN is extremely widely used the principle of "open education", that is, learning with the help of modern technologies - electronic and information. This method has all sorts of advantages, because, first of all, student time is released, allowing a person to combine study with work.
This method is also very good at doing scientific work. E-learning is an independent choice of time in order to study materials on electronic media, it is the autonomy of working on a computer or PDA, even on a mobile phone, many do. Tips and advice, and later the student will receive assessments from the teacher during remote interaction.
With the help of e-learning, you can get not only a classical university education, but also complete many courses. For example, if an applicant graduated from a preparatory course at UNN, he will receive an additional ten points for the exam. Advanced training courses and many others are also in demand, their list is long.
Materials for training are delivered quickly, almost without taking time. For a very long time, certain standards regarding distance learning tools have been developed at UNN and there are specifications for absolutely all training materials and technologies.
Compared to traditional, e-education has significant advantages. This is freedom of access - any place and any time is suitable for learning, and studying in a higher educational institution will not require a separation from the main professional activity.Reduced training costs. The process is very flexible in terms of the duration and sequence of studying the necessary materials. All this is regulated by the student himself, who has the opportunity to relate the training to other needs.
This method is widely used by people with disabilities, young mothers who have small children, as well as people who value their profession and continuous experience. It is also very important that such training develops, allowing you to keep pace with the times, increase and increase skills and knowledge in mastering modern technologies. This is marked by both teachers and students. All distance learning students have equal opportunities, because learning is less dependent on the teacher’s professionalism (and at NNU, the quality of teaching is always at the highest level). Grades are also set according to very clear criteria, which distinguishes e-education from the traditional one.
Future bachelors also willingly study using the electronic method in a remote form, but here the teaching eye is much more vigilant in monitoring the results of work.First-year students who came to UNN immediately after school did immediately have access to the university e-education system on the Internet. Training materials are carefully developed, and they constitute the main information resource. In terms of scope and content, they fully comply with the requirements of the Russian educational standard, where a clear timetable has been drawn up for each discipline.
First, the student studies independently, mastering the theoretical material of electronic lectures, if necessary, consulting with teachers, performs laboratory work and the required practical tasks. The second stage of e-learning is testing and intermediate certification by means of an exam or test, where educational technologies are also often used remotely. The whole educational activity of the future bachelor is thoroughly documented, and the teachers not only control the whole learning process, but also promptly correct it.
Nizhny Novgorod State University has several branches, and one of the most interesting is the Pavlovsk branch, established in 2004.Here you can study by correspondence and full-time, without going far from home, and get a first-class university education. Classes are taught by teachers of basic faculties, among them - more than half with a degree or title. In 2009, students received a new building, perfectly equipped with everything necessary for conducting the most modern and high-tech educational process.
There are laboratories, information and educational material base. Remote technologies are also widely used. The branch has a department of the fundamental university library; students constantly hold about 15,000 copies of various scientific and educational literature in their hands. The speeches of the branch students in scientific conferences, sports and cultural events are always successful and active. They are just as well resting: during the school year, there are evenings of rest, and in the summer you can go to the camp of the university, which is located on the picturesque bank of the Gorky reservoir.