Lakes and rivers of Belarus. Brief description of the largest rivers and lakes
Lakes and rivers of Belarus are what it canbe proud of. No wonder it is called a country of lakes. They number about 11 thousand. Most often they occur in the north and north-west directions. All the lakes are of glacial origin and formed due to the melting of the large Valdai glacier 13 thousand years ago.
Belarus is very rich in water. At the moment there are more than 20 thousand rivers on its territory. Together they occupy a little more than 90,000 km. Most often you can find small streams or small rivers, the length of which does not exceed 100 km. There are few large water flows in the country. There are only 9 of them: Berezina, Dnieper, Slozh, Pripyat, Neman, Dvina, Bug, Goryn, Viliya. The general characteristics of lakes and a brief description of the rivers of Belarus will be presented below.
Rivers of the State
Number of rivers in Belarus explainedthe fact that the Black Sea-Baltic watershed is located on its territory. It covers the area of Polissya, Kopylskoy ridge, Orsha and Minsk heights. The valleys of all watercourses occupy about 10% of the entire territory of the state. Lakes and rivers of Belarusare in different pools. For example, most of the rivers belong to the Black Sea, the smaller part to the Baltic Sea. And the main part of the lakes is located in the basin of the Western Dvina.
The flow of rivers here is not strong. It varies from 0.1 to 1.5 m / s. Usually, the minimum speed is observed in the period of intergeneration, the maximum - during the flood, as well as the water level. Almost all rivers of the state have an elevated water level, and in winter, on the contrary, is reduced to a critical point.
The Berezina River
The size can boast of sucha beautiful river, like Berezina. It is the first in length in the country. This watercourse, like some other lakes and rivers of Belarus, originates in one of the state reserves. The mouth of the stream is the Dnieper. Berezina has several tributaries. The largest right is Svisloch, the left one is Bobr. On the banks of the river were built settlements, some of them were named after Berezina.
Thanks to the battle on this river in 1812, shebecame an important historical object. At that time, a powerful France, whose army had suffered losses, retreated. The name of the watercourse literally means "disaster" or "disaster".
Lakes of Belarus
No one, perhaps, can argue that Belaruslucky with the lakes. They differ in their characteristics and dimensions. However, there are in them and unifying features, for example, the surrounding beauty, attracting tourists.
- Selyava.The lake, which is in the rating of the cleanestreservoirs of Belarus. There is a small legend associated with it. It tells that in 1942 a bomber dropped into Selyavu, which carried several tons of gold to America.
- Smoothly.One of the most unique lakes in the country. Bathed in it, a person can simultaneously visit two basins. This reservoir is the only one in the country, which is located immediately in the basins of the Baltic and Black Seas.
- Svityaz.A romantic lake is Svityaz. It has become so due to legends, which are known to this day. Now there is a tradition, which is that lovers, to strengthen their family union, walk along the embankment.
Naroch: group of Narochansky lakes
The largest lake is Naroch. It, along with Batorino, Miastro and Pale, is in the group of Narochansky reservoirs.
The greatest depth in the lake is 24 m in some areas. It contains more than 20 species of fish, in particular pike and eel. You can meet here nests of a swan, terns, osprey and small toadstool.
As it was written earlier, the lakes and rivers of Belarus, andmore precisely, most of them were formed by glaciers. Naroch is not an exception. It was formed due to the melting of the glacier. The formed water accumulated in the depressions. It was they who, due to natural conditions, eventually turned into Narochansky lakes. On their shores are villages and villages.
Map of rivers and lakes of Belarus
As soon as spring comes, the temperature on the streetreaches its maximum, every person dreams of going somewhere to rest. The ideal place for this will be a lake, where you can not only step back from the world, have a good time with your family and friends, but also successfully fish. The optimal choice will be the rivers and reservoirs of one of the countries of the former Soviet Union. In order not to get lost and quickly reach the destination, you need a map of the rivers and lakes of Belarus.
The most comfortable rest are places nearreservoirs. Attract tourists and beauty of Belarus. Here you can find something that you like, because the choice is great enough. Almost all tourists who have visited the water, lakes and rivers of the country are satisfied with nature and its beautiful horizons. In order not to miss a single beautiful place in the country, it is necessary to study all the names of the rivers and lakes of Belarus, for this you can use the usual directory.