Kiev: population of the city, its number and dynamics
Kiev was and remains the most attractive city for Ukrainians. Every year, tens of thousands of people come here in search of a better life and opportunities for self-development. What is the real population of Kiev today? And how much does it differ from those figures that are published in official sources?
Let's try to answer these and some other questions in our article.
Kiev: official and actual population
Demographers and statisticians, estimating the number of inhabitants of cities, distinguish three types of population:
- official (number of inhabitants, which is published in official sources and statistical reports);
- real (actual number of residents who live in a particular city, taking into account illegal migrants and unregistered citizens);
- "daily" population - the number of residents in the city, taking into account pendulum migrations.
All these types are valid for any modern city, including Kiev.
The population of the Ukrainian capital, estimated at the beginning of 2015, has 2,890,000 people. But these are official numbers. Some researchers, in particular from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, argue that the population of Kiev is already 3.15 million people (including unregistered citizens and temporary migrants).
Kiev is the leading city in the country in terms of the number of residents, with almost 7% of the total population of Ukraine living within its borders. Following the capital is Kharkov, which has about 1.6 million people.
Population of Kiev agglomeration
In addition to Kiev, there is also such a thing as the Kiev agglomeration. It is a suburban formation, consisting, in fact, of Kiev, as well as a number of settlements around it. Urbanists identify three main factors that contributed to the formation and development of this agglomeration. These include:
- The location of the agglomeration at the crossroads of important transport routes.
- The presence of the largest waterway - the Dnieper River.
- Capital status of the agglomeration core, which is the city of Kiev.
The population of the Kiev agglomeration, according to experts, has at least four million inhabitants.
It includes two rings of satellite cities.The first is Vyshgorod, Cherry, Vorzel, Glevakha and Irpen. To the second - Vasilkov, Boyarka, Brovary, Obukhov, Borispol and Ukrainka.
Kiev: population of the capital and its dynamics over the years
It is known that already in the tenth century in ancient Kiev lived up to 50 thousand people. However, as a result of the invasion of the Tatar-Mongols in 1241, the city was completely destroyed. And he was able to return to the mark of 50,000 people only in the middle of the 19th century. And by the time of the beginning of the First World War, the population of Kiev had increased almost tenfold and amounted to about half a million people.
Already at the time of Ukraine’s independence, the rapid growth of the city’s population began in 2003. Thus, over the past ten years, the population of Kiev has increased by 10%. In 2014 alone, the number of residents of the Ukrainian capital increased by 20 thousand.
Demographic projections for Kiev in the near future are as follows: by 2025, the official population of the city will be about 3.3 million people. At the same time, at least 4 million people will live de facto within the city, and its “daytime” population will grow to 4.3 million.
Demographic flourishing of the capital
Kiev is the only city in Ukraine, which in recent years has been characterized by the positive growth dynamics of its resident population.The number of residents of the capital increases every year by several tens of thousands of people. What attracts Ukrainians to Kiev? As in any other European country, the capital of the state is always ready to offer a wider choice in the employment market. Moreover, wages in Kiev are 1.5–2 times higher than in other regions and cities of Ukraine.
According to forecasts of many experts, including international organizations, the population of Kiev will continue to increase in the coming decades. By 2025, as some experts suggest, its number may already grow to 3.5 million people. And this is without taking into account the residents of nearby satellite cities and the suburban area.
Ethnic, linguistic and religious composition of the population of the city
According to the ethnic composition of the first ten nationalities of the city of Kiev is as follows: Ukrainians, Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Poles, Armenians, Azeris, Tatars, Georgians and Moldovans. About 82% of the population of the city is the indigenous people of the country - Ukrainians. The share of Russians in Kiev is slightly less than 13%. Jews in the city - about 0.7%.
According to the last census of the population in 2001, about 72% of Kiev residents consider Ukrainian as their mother tongue, 25% - Russian.Interestingly, a hundred years ago, the language situation in Kiev was completely opposite.
As for the religious composition of the population, 64% of Kiev residents attributed themselves to believers. Of these, the majority are parishioners of the Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate. The temples of the Moscow Patriarchate are visited by about 18% of the faithful residents of the capital.
However, Protestants occupy absolute leadership in the number of registered religious communities in the city. As of 2010, 263 Protestant churches are registered in Kiev.
The population of Kiev by districts
Ukrainian capital is divided into 10 administrative units. The population of Kyiv districts is shown in the following table (administrative units are located in it according to the decrease in the number of inhabitants):Number of residents in the districts of Kiev (2001)
|District name||Number of inhabitants, in thousands|
Kiev is the capital of Ukraine and its largest metropolis. In addition, it is the only city in the country that shows a positive trend in population growth.Today, from 2.9 to 3.2 million people live in Kiev.