Karl Czerny - biography and creativity
Today we will tell you who Carl Czerny is. Etudes conquered by millions of listeners today. He was born in 1791, on February 21, in Vienna. Our hero today is an Austrian pianist, and also a composer who is of Czech descent. In Vienna he was ranked among the best teachers of the piano game. He is famous for creating a large number of musical etudes.
Karl Czerny was born in the family of a teacher andpianist Wenzel. He sat first as a teacher for his son. Under the guidance of his father, Karl begins to perform at the age of nine. In the years 1800-1803. He studied piano playing with Ludwig van Beethoven. At the same time he took lessons from Muzio Clementi and I. N. Gummel. Until 1815, Karl was actively engaged in concert activities. It was to our hero Ludwig van Beethoven decided to entrust the execution of his own Third Piano Concerto. However, in 1815 the composer stopped his piano performance.
Carl Czerny focused on the composition andpedagogy. He worked mainly in Vienna. However, there are a few exceptions. In 1836, he toured to Leipzig, and in 1837 - to London and Paris. In the XIX century. Our hero was referred to the largest teachers of the piano game. Among the pupils of the composer are outstanding musicians: Alfred Yael, Theodore Kullak, Leopold de Meyer, Theodore Leshetitzky, Sigismund Thalberg, Ferenc Liszt. This is not a complete list of the great followers of our hero.
Carl Czerny created over 1000 opuses. The composition of some of them exceeds 50 rooms. In addition, our hero has created a large number of literary and methodical books, which are devoted to the teaching of the piano game. In addition to the author's works, Carl Czerny became the creator of the editorial board of Bach's "Well Tempered Clavier," as well as the sonatas written by Domenico Scarlatti.
Karl Czerny created more than three hundred spiritualof works. Among them are the off-porters, 300 grades, 4 requiems, 24 mass. He created piano works, edited the works of other authors, created piano arrangements of vocal and instrumental works. Among them were options for one and two instruments, as well as games in four hands. Our hero owns more than eight hundred works, which are related to the technique of the piano game. They are still actively used in pedagogical practice. Among the creative heritage of Cherni there are choirs, ensembles, orchestral and chamber works. He also wrote music for dramatic performances.
Many of the composer's works remained handwritten. They are stored in Vienna in the archives of the "Society of Friends of Music". Our hero is the author of a number of literary works. Here are some of them.
- In 1842, the Russian translation of the book "Letters from Karl Czerny, or the Guide to the Study of Piano Play" was published.
- In 1849 the "Complete Theoretical and Practical Study of Composition" was published.
- In 1851, the "Essay on the History of Music" was published.
Also, Cherni created pedagogical literature. He owns the work "The Great Piano School". He has an expanded addition, which is devoted to the performance of new and old piano works. The work was written around 1846. Created by the composer op. 261 includes 125 etudes. Also his pen belongs to the work "The Young Pianist". Within the framework of opus 139 he wrote "100 progressive etudes without octaves". Also, do not forget about the book "Daily Exercises". Opus 849 includes 30 new technical sketches. Also, the composer released the work "School of the Left Hand". Opus 533 includes 6 octave sketches. To the educational literature should be attributed and the book "Practical exercises for the fingers." Let's pay attention to opus 777, which includes 24 exercises.