Jerusalem cross: symbol in cultures and religion
Jerusalem Cross: where can I see it
This sign you could see on the flag of Georgia. If you made a pilgrimage to the Temple of Jerusalem, then it is probably especially familiar to you. Such a symbol could unexpectedly meet on Buddhist coins and temples, and on shields and swords of the Middle Ages. His name is the Jerusalem Cross.
Visual Perception of the Jerusalem Cross
This sign is usually one huge and four small crosses of golden color, which are between the intersecting lines of a large one. All of this in its classic form is depicted on a silver background, in some versions - in red and white, which can be clearly seen on the flag of Georgia and on the emblems of the knights of the crusaders. All this symbolizes the four apostles who wrote the Gospel, surrounding Jesus Christ, or the wounds of the latter, which were received during the crucifixions. Used Jerusalem Cross on the bedspreads for the altar.They can often be seen in various temples and other places, for example, in the markets of Israel, where pendants with the image of this symbol are sold. It symbolizes the acquisition of four relics of Christianity - the nails that were nailed to the crucifixion of the body of God's Son. It is believed that they are not only in Palestine, but also in other countries. Also, this sign means "the kingdom of the knights of the Sacred City".
History of travel symbol: Jerusalem cross in epochs and countries
For the first time, the Jerusalem Cross appears on the coat of arms, which completely violated the law of heraldry overlaying one metal on another, the Guardian and Defender of the Holy Sepulcher, Godfried of Bouillon, which took the above post in 1099 after being freed from the Muslim people of the Holy City. Rumor has it that it is from this symbol that many others come, later often depicted on all sorts of awards and medals. The somewhat modified Jerusalem Cross is also a sign of the Orders of the Holy Sepulcher and the Temple of Solomon (that is, the Templars). Also, a medal with an identical name was established by Kaiser Wilhelm II after his journey with his wife to the territory of the Holy Land.It was given exclusively to the courtiers, and from 1908 to 1909 only five people were awarded with it.
The first time the Jerusalem Cross appears around 420 AD during the reign of Emperor Theodosius II, the reason for which was the vision sent to the monarch in heaven and his manifestation on the clothes of the witnesses to this event. After this incident, a huge image of the cross was erected on the Golgotha Hill. The monument became a symbol of victory over death and a reminder of how they crucified Jesus Christ. It was destroyed in 614 by the Persians, as well as by the Jews, restored in 628, finally erased from the face of the Earth in 638.
A cross made of gold in the shape of this symbol is not approved by the Orthodox Church when it is worn as a pendant. But the church is not against its storage as a souvenir from Jerusalem, in memory of such an event as a visit to the Holy Land.