Hydrocephalic syndrome in children and adults
Hydrocephalic syndrome is characterized by a brain damage in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulates in its lining and ventricles. As a result, an increase in intracranial pressure occurs.
Hydrocephalic syndrome: symptoms
It should be said that such a pathology is extremely rare. She is more prone to children, especially babies. Sometimes it happens that the diagnosis is wrong. The main symptoms of hydrocephalic syndrome include:
- anxiety, sleep disturbance;
- intense headaches;
- visual impairment (for example, eye muscle atrophy);
- appearance of vessels visible under the skin;
- irregular head shape or different head size.
Hydrocephalic syndrome in infancy
The main causes of pathology in infants are infections, premature births, injuries during childbirth, abnormalities in the formation of the brain, and brain defects.In addition to those signs of hydrocephalic syndrome that were listed above, newborns also have:
- convulsions and tremor of the limbs;
- frequent vomiting;
- opening of seams of the baby;
- reluctant sucking breasts.
Hydrocephalic syndrome in adulthood
Possible causes of pathology can be neuroinfections of various kinds, for example, meningitis, encephalitis; intracranial hemorrhage; injuries to the skull and brain; oncological diseases. However, even if there are signs of hydrocephalic syndrome, most likely, such a diagnosis will not be confirmed, because such a pathology in adulthood is a rare phenomenon. And even if the syndrome is present, it is not in itself, but as an addition to the main disease. In any case, it is necessary to conduct a thorough examination before drawing conclusions.
Hydrocephalic syndrome: treatment
In order to choose the right pathology treatment method, it is first necessary to conduct a number of studies, including computed tomography, echoencephalography, roentgenography of the skull, rheoencephalogram, electroencephalography. In addition, specialist consultations will be needed: a neurosurgeon, an ophthalmologist, a psychiatrist, a neuropathologist. Having determined the root cause of the pathology, you can begin treatment.It will consist, first of all, in elimination of this very root cause. Direct treatment includes medical and surgical methods. First, drugs are used to improve the outflow of cerebrospinal fluid and lower its production, and then bypass surgery is performed, during which an extra fluid is inserted into the ventricular area through which spinal fluid is drained into the spinal canal.
Hydrocephalic syndrome: consequences
Pathology can cause serious complications, so treatment measures need to be taken immediately. With failure to provide timely assistance, hydrocephalic syndrome in newborns becomes a pathological disease that threatens the development of paralysis, blindness, coma, dementia.