How to park? Car parking. How to park in reverse
One of the most difficult tests for every novice car enthusiast is parking. It is at this moment that the driver needs to concentrate as much as possible and be ready to change his decision at any second.
With experience the ability to park a car can be brought to perfection. But how to park for beginners? We will tell about it in our today's article.
What should not do?
Often, novice motorists make a series of unnecessary actions and manipulations that only complicate the parking process and increase the risk of getting into an accident. The main mistake is fear. It is the fear of crashing into another car, without calculating the exact dimensions, that it introduces the novice into a stupor. Yes, if you calculate the distance incorrectly, you can easily drive into any car parked near.But how to overcome this fear? In fact, the ability to not be afraid of his car disappears very quickly. The main thing is to get used to the dimensions of the vehicle used. With experience, parking time can be reduced from a few minutes to a few seconds. It is very important to properly handle the wheel. After some time, novice motorists develop steering grip, so you can quickly react to an emergency and make a decision in time.
By the way, not only the fear of calculating the distance can lead to an accident. Very often, when parking a vehicle to the curb, motorists forget about ground clearance. The distance from asphalt to the lower edge of the bumper sometimes not all cars allows you to park right next to the curb. Concrete "obstacles" can be of different sizes. Therefore, without leaving the car, you need to visually determine whether the car can go there or it is better to look for another parking place.Wrong calculation and incorrect assessment of the parking area leads to an accident, even in a place like a garage. When you first arrive, it is important to assess the width of your car and the distance between the garage doors, then compare these two values and act according to the acquired driving skills.Often there is enough space for the car: from the mirrors to the gate there is still 10 cm of free space. But even this sometimes seems an impossible task for beginners. How to be?
How to park? We leave for the race track
The main mistake that beginners make when parking is the wrong calculation of the distance between obstacles, which depends on the size of the car itself. If you are afraid of damaging the body when entering the garage or are not sure of your actions when parking (for example, near a supermarket where there are a lot of cars), try learning how to work on the circuit. In some cities they remain open, that is, you can get there without additional fees and permits. As an alternative, you can find any abandoned road or a primer, on which cars practically do not drive, and learn there. It is advisable that wooden pegs be hammered in at the training site, which will function as an imaginary garage, curb or parked near cars.
It should be noted that the length of the pegs should correspond to the length of the car - so you get closer to the most realistic conditions of parking.As a result (as a rule, these are several lessons), you will feel the dimensions of your car and overcome fear when parking in real conditions.
How to park in reverse?
This method of parking is one of the most relevant in terms of driving to major metropolitan areas and million cities. Here, traffic is loaded to the maximum, especially on weekends, so at the first stage you should learn exactly how to park in reverse.
So, we went to the circuit. How to park in reverse? For a start, approach as close as possible to the parking lot. Next, turn the steering wheel to the side (left or right - depending on the terrain conditions). Moving away from the parking lot at an angle of 40-50 degrees until in the right mirror we see the angle of the “car”, which will stand on the right (in this case, the pegs). We turn the steering wheel all the way to the direction in which we’ll enter, and drive smoothly to the destination. It is important not to forget about rear-view mirrors - we will be guided by them upon entry / exit.
As a result, the car should be parked as close as possible to the front pegs and most importantly in the center.In real life, your car will be set on par with the other “door to door”. Now you know how to park in reverse. As for the side distance, here it must be remembered that the distance between the doors of the cars (in our case, a wooden peg) must be at least 50 cm. Her we also work out on the circuit.
This is more complicated operation than the rear parking of the car, so you have to concentrate extremely. To completely clarify the picture, below we have a photo of the correct movement of the car in this situation. At first glance, there is nothing difficult in parallel parking. In reality, this is true, but at first it will seem very complicated and time consuming.
So, to begin with about the distance between cars. For this type of parking you need to visually determine the distance between standing next to cars. Ideally, the distance from the first front bumper to the rear of the other should be 1.5 times the length of your vehicle.This is enough so that both you and other road users can easily leave the parking space.So, how to park in parallel? To start, go to the terrain and move forward to the second parked car (or the same pegs). You must stop so that your back is flush with the back of the second parked car. The distance between the doors may be different, but not less than 50 cm to begin with (further this figure can be reduced). Twist the steering wheel to the right so that the wheels are rotated 45 degrees. We include reverse gear, and when the front of your car (before the wing) becomes equal to the rear bumper of the second car, we unscrew the steering wheel to the left. In this case, do not forget to glance at the mirrors.
Leaving the place is even easier. We twist the steering wheel all the way to the left and press on the gas, smoothly leaving the parking space. And again, pay attention to the mirror. That is how the question of how to learn to park in parallel can be considered closed. But that is not all. Next we have to learn another way of driving skills.
We call "front"
Sometimes there are situations when neither parallel nor rear parking is impossible due to the prevailing automotive circumstances.This method is the fastest and easiest for beginners, since here all the details of the terrain will not be visible in the mirrors, but through the windshield. So, how to park the "front"?
The essence of this method is to put the car a little further than the nearest side, that is, to be ahead of the side car. The alien vehicle will be on your right. To park, turn the steering wheel in the direction of parking (right) and move forward at a speed of 1-2 km / h. So we go to the moment, until we see in the mirrors that the car got parallel to the curb. Then align the wheels and drive back in reverse. But now we will focus on the obstacles not through the windshield, but through the side mirrors.
How long to learn parking skills?
The answer to this question is ambiguous. Some newcomers learn all the nuances of the road in a matter of days, and within a week they are surprised by the knowledge and skills of professional parking. At the same time, others have been learning for years: everyone knows how women who buy rights park. It all depends on the number of hours spent driving.If driving lessons is only 1 hour per month, you can hardly learn something. Therefore, if you want to master the car in the shortest possible time, at any free minute, improve your skills, and after a couple of months your instructors will admire your skill in driving schools.
Now you know how to park in reverse, as well as learn how to master parallel parking. Finally, we will give a couple of tips to help you cope with the problems in the initial steps when learning.
First of all, you should leave as much free space as possible on the sides and front (and not as in the photo on the left), so that at any moment you can leave without a trouble.
Secondly, when parking near curbs, be careful not to damage the bumper. It is advisable not to run into obstacles if you are not sure of the patency of your car. This is especially true for cars with low ground clearance.
Remember that even professional drivers were once afraid to get behind the wheel and did not know how to park properly. Driving skills are improved with experience, so if you want and have free time, you can learn everything.