Heroes of the Afghan war: names and their exploits
The heroes of the Afghan war are military personnel who participated in battles on the territory of this Asian country as part of a limited contingent of Soviet troops. Many of them were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Among them are representatives of the commanding staff and private soldiers who often amazed those around them with their bravery and courage. It is impossible to determine exactly how many heroes of the Afghan war distinguished themselves on the battlefield. It is only known that 86 people were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, another 7 people received the title Hero of Russia.
The hero of the Afghan war, Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Akhromeyev was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1982. He also distinguished himself in the fields of the Great Patriotic War. In the 70s led the operational management of the General Staff. In 1979 he was appointed first deputy chief of the General Staff. It was in this position that he repeatedly traveled to Afghanistan, directly supervised the combat operations of the Soviet troops.
One of the merits of Akhromeyev was the leadership of specific military operations that were carried out in Afghanistan throughout the entire campaign, up to the final withdrawal of Soviet troops.
Already in the late 80s he became an adviser to the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council, whose post at that time was held by Mikhail Gorbachev. Akhromeev directly advised the future president of the USSR on military issues.
In the second half of the 80s, he was also noted as a deputy of the Supreme Council from the Moldavian Republic. He was a member of the defense and security committee. Was an active generator of the idea of the danger of the rapid conquest of the Soviet Union by NATO countries.
People who knew Akhromeyev closely noted that the marshal had always been highly respected both in the army and in the communist party. In many ways, this contributed to the excellent service in Afghanistan. At the same time, he was often incomprehensible to the position of Gorbachev, who regularly postponed the solution of the most important problems of the army, which Akhromeev himself considered urgent. In 1991, he filed a resignation, but the President of the USSR was slow even to address this issue.
A participant in the Afghan war, the hero of the USSR Akhromeyev was a strong supporter of the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. Therefore, he enthusiastically accepted this decision when it was finally made by the top leadership of the USSR.
Hero of the Afghan war, Valentin Varennikov was also a high-ranking military leader. In 1978 he became army general.
In Afghanistan, he led a group of the Defense Ministry’s management team in the USSR, right up to the immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. Already in 1989, he became commander-in-chief of the ground forces in the status of deputy defense minister. Resigned in 1991 during the collapse of the USSR.
It was for his service in Afghanistan that the hero of the Afghan war Varennikov received the title Hero of the Soviet Union. In Afghanistan, many noted his not only tactical thinking, but organizational abilities, the ability to quickly find solutions to the most complex issues.
He actively participated in the events of 1991 in Vilnius, was one of the leaders of the seizure of a television center, which was carried out by Soviet troops. As a result of these armed clashes (according to official information), 14 people were killed, and more than seven hundred were injured of varying degrees of severity.
There is a version that the decision on the use of force in Vilnius Varennikov personally accepted, without consulting with the President of the USSR Gorbachev.
Among the participants in the Afghan war, the heroes of the USSR and the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Pavel Grachev.
In Afghanistan, he took part in leadership positions in the Soviet army. In May 1988, was noted for the brilliant conduct of the military operation, as a result of which it was possible to take the strategically important Satukandav pass, located in the province of Khost. It was especially noted that Grachev managed to do this with minimal casualties. At the same time, he commanded the 103rd Airborne Division. It was then that Major General Grachev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. In the Afghan war, he remained until the final withdrawal of the limited contingent of Soviet troops.
He was appointed Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation in 1992. It was noted by many that he appointed practically all of his deputies from among the generals and officers whom he personally and well knew about Afghanistan. I tried to resist the accelerated withdrawal of Russian parts from the republics of the Transcaucasus, the Baltic states,individual regions of Central Asia, arguing that Russia itself does not yet have the necessary resources to solve everyday and social issues that the military personnel and their families will face when they return to Russia.
Grachev was remembered for being opposed to politicization, having liquidated many army politicized organizations, including the Independent Trade Union of Military Personnel, the All-Russian Officers' Assembly.
At first, as Minister of Defense, he was notable for arranging almost all parties. He was not criticized either by the president of Russia or the communists, whose influence at that time was very noticeable. He opposed any participation of the army in solving domestic political problems. Moreover, in 1993, during the crisis, he supported President Yeltsin, after which he was often criticized by opposition forces. It was the troops called by him that stormed the parliament, making further resistance impossible.
Grachev has repeatedly claimed that he was categorically against the introduction of troops into Chechnya, declaring this at meetings of the Security Council. However, Yeltsin and Prime Minister Chernomyrdin offered to send him to resign for pacifist sentiment.
Until January 1995, he led the actions of the Russian army in Chechnya from headquarters in Mozdok. But after several unsuccessful offensive operations in a row, he returned to Moscow. After that, he was subjected to massive criticism for failures in Chechnya and unsuccessful reforms in the army.
Grachev himself one of the first at that time began to declare that the armed forces should be reduced and in the future be formed on a mixed basis with a gradual transition to a contractual basis.
In June 1996, he was dismissed.
Boris Gromov - the hero of the Afghan war, a photo of which is presented above. In 1984, he was appointed Deputy Commander of the Carpathian Military District, and later was the official representative of the General Staff in Afghanistan.
Then he was temporarily returned from Afghanistan to the Belarusian Military District, where he led the 28th Army, and in 1987 he was returned to the “hot spot” to take charge of the 40th Army. In parallel, Gromov held the post of authorized government of the USSR for temporary stay of troops in this Asian country.
Boris Gromov received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1988 for planning and successfully carrying out the operation under the code name “Highway”.Her goal was to lift the blockade from the city of Khost, which was besieged by Afghan rebels.
After the end of the Afghan war, Gromov’s career developed very successfully. He was a deputy of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, and then the Governor of the Moscow Region.
The list of heroes of the Afghan war includes not only military leaders, but also private soldiers, representatives of junior officers. Among them it is necessary to mention many, for example, the senior mechanic of the tank Sergey Igolchenko, who served in the motorized rifle brigade of the 40th army belonging to the Turkestan military district. He received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union as a private.
Igolchenko was born in 1966 in a small village in the Voronezh region, which today has become a district of the city of Buturlinovka. Grew up in a purely peasant family. After grade 8, I entered a vocational school, where I received a diploma of a general mechanic. He worked in the nearby collective farm "Berezovsky".
In 1985 he was drafted into the ranks of the Soviet army. He fell to serve in the limited contingent of Soviet troops who went to Afghanistan.He quickly mastered the specialty of a senior tank driver, who was close to his peaceful profession.
The tank under the command of Igolchenko repeatedly took part in the hostilities, at least six times undermining the enemy’s mines and land mines. During this time, Igolchenko himself was wounded twice, received six contusions (each time after an explosion), but invariably remained in the ranks.
The title of Hero of the Soviet Union in the Afghan War (1979–1989) received in 1988 with the phrase “For courage and heroism”.
Returning to a peaceful life, he worked as a bricklayer, and then as a master of industrial training in a school, which he himself had once completed.
Learn a lot about the heroes of the Afghan war and their exploits you can from this article. It is necessary to mention the army general Yuri Maximov, who was awarded this rank in 1982. It can be attributed to the first heroes of the Afghan war, who managed to distinguish themselves soon after the introduction of a limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.
Since the outbreak of hostilities on the territory of this country, the 40th Army, which officially belonged to the Turkestan military district, participated mainly in battles and operations.
The commander of this army and its headquarters were responsible for the full supply of troops, weapons and replenishment of personnel in case of need. Maksimov himself was directly involved in the preparation of military personnel for combat operations, operational management and leadership, planning major combat operations. For a long time, he was in Afghanistan, as his work was positively evaluated by the command.
He was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1982 for successfully completing assignments that the government had set for him. That was the official wording. Together with the most honorary title in the USSR, Maximov received a promotion, becoming a general of the army.
The photo of the hero of the Afghan war, Andrei Melnikov, is well known to all who were interested in the feat of Soviet soldiers during the assault on heights 3234 in the province of Khost. Private soldier Melnikov, who received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously, participated in it.
The hero of the Afghan war (1979-1989) Melnikov comes from the Belarusian Mogilev. He was born in 1968 in a working-class family. After completing 10 classes entered the vocational school.At the state farm "Dniprovsky", located in the Mogilev region, he worked as a tractor driver. He married very early, at the age of 17. A year later, he had a daughter.
In this regard, Melnikov had the official opportunity to refuse to serve in the army, but he himself agreed to fly to Afghanistan. In the location of the Soviet troops arrived in the autumn of 1986. In April 1987, he joined the limited contingent. At that time he was 18 years old. Took part in six combat operations.
Melnikov served as a machine gunner, especially distinguished himself in the battles for the height of 3234, in which the superior forces of the enemy opposed the Soviet detachments. The fiercest battles took place on January 7 and 8, 1988.
Melnikov for a long time led aimed fire, often changing his position, due to which he was able to repel numerous attacks of the enemy. After using the entire ammunition, he was able to get to the nearby shelter to find new ammunition there. But having reached, he managed to say only one phrase: "Ammunition, everything ...". When a body armor was removed from an already dead hero, they could not believe that he had survived so long, despite numerous injuries.Eyewitnesses claim that Melnikov should have died a few hours ago, but still continued to defend himself, carrying out the set order. From the blast waves, the plates of his body armor were as if pressed into the body.
This is another one of the stories about the heroes of the Afghan war and their exploits, which remained in the memory of many.
Igor Chmurov, a native of the Smolensk region, a small town Yartsevo, is among the Soviet heroes of the Afghan war. In Afghanistan, he served as a sergeant in the Airborne Forces.
He accomplished his feat in December 1985 as part of the company of Senior Lieutenant Peskov. The military unit was instructed to block the gorge, in which dushmans were located. There they created a base of support, with a large number of ammunition, weapons and food. The base was well fortified, so it could keep the defense for a long time.
In the fog and snowfall, the enemy decided to attempt to dislodge the Soviet troops from the positions they occupied. The attack began with the massive support of mortars, recoilless guns, large-caliber machine guns. Dushmans went on the attack from several directions at once.During the battle, it turned out that the forces of the opponents far outnumbered the number of defenders in the Soviet detachments. In a critical situation, the Peskov company commander decides, together with two platoons, to go to help the neighbors, and at the key height there remains a covering group, which included Chmurov.
The enemy made repeated attempts to seize the height, bringing down a powerful squally fire to the positions of the Soviet troops, but without success. The seriously injured Chmurov did not back down, leaving the actual winner out of this fight.
Later, describing these events, he said that the spooks all the time tried to break through to the entrance to the gorge, not only pieces of shells flew over their heads, but also pieces of rocks. In his machine gun, the cartridges almost ended when he noticed that the opponents entered the rear of the platoon. At this moment, Chmurov is wounded in the thigh, the ammunition finally ends, and he sees that the spirits are already two steps away from him. Then he used a grenade, thanks to the explosion, the attack choked, he managed to defend the height.
Lieutenant Alexander Stovba was part of the 66th Motorized Rifle Brigade,who fought in Afghanistan. He died tragically at the very beginning of the war, in 1980, receiving the title of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
It is noteworthy that after his death he became known as a poet who wrote poems of military subjects. He was even posthumously awarded the Lenin Komsomol Prize.
The 23-year-old Stovba arrived to serve in Afghanistan at the very beginning of 1980. He commanded a motorized rifle platoon. In March, his platoon was surrounded by opponents in the province of Kunar near the village of Seran. Stovba himself was wounded in the leg, but refused to retreat with the rest, remaining to cover the withdrawal of his unit. In this battle, he died.
There are quite a few heroes of Russia among the participants in the Afghan war. In addition, many of them, soon after the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, were forced to take part in another deadly armed conflict - the Chechen war. And there they had to perform feats, to show courage and bravery.
Yevgeny Rodkin entered the military service in 1972. After being demobilized, I went to work at the police. From 1984 to 1986, he was directly involved in assisting the law enforcement agencies of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, and shared his experience in organizing law and order.He himself took part in combat operations. In particular, he participated in battles in the province of Khost, for which he received the Order of the Red Star.
Rodkin - the hero of the Afghan and Chechen wars. Since 1995, he regularly went on business trips to Chechnya. In the spring of 1996, he became the head of a group that repelled the militants' attack on roadblocks on the approaches to Grozny. His group was attacked by superior enemy forces. After a 4-hour battle, he was injured, but remained in the battle, continuing to command the group until he died, reflecting yet another attempt by the militants to crush the squad by force.
He was posthumously awarded the title Hero of Russia.