Functions of the learning process, principles and patterns
The learning process is understood as contactteacher and student, manifested in a purposeful and consistently changing interaction, during which the tasks of education, education and general development are being addressed. In simple terms, thanks to this process, a person can grow and develop, achieve success, gain power over his weaknesses, embody desires and dreams.
Functions of the learning process
The functions of the learning process are quite diverse, but nevertheless, among them we can distinguish the three most important, namely: the educational function, the educational and the developing.
Modern didactics (the science of teaching) drawsattention to the fact that all the tasks and functions of the learning process can not be reduced only to the formation of skills, skills and knowledge. The learning process should have a complex impact on the individual, even though the educational function is somewhat specific to this process. It should be noted that these three functions of the learning process do not have strict boundaries among themselves. So, for example, education can be understood not only the assimilation of theoretical and actual knowledge, but also the formation of general educational skills and abilities. At the same time, these general educational skills and skills are often attributed to the development of the individual.
What is the above function of the education process?
The educational function is the formationspecial skills and knowledge, mastering of scientific knowledge. Scientific knowledge is facts, laws, theories, concepts, regularities, a generalized picture of the world. Special skills and skills include practical skills that are characteristic only of the science and educational process. For example, in physics it will be solving problems, conducting research and laboratory work. In addition to everything described above, during the learning process, learners master general scientific skills and abilities that are relevant to all subjects, for example, it can be book skills or writing and reading skills.
Educational function - formation in studentsideology, persuasion, moral, aesthetic, labor and ethical views and views, ways of behavior and activity in society, attitudes towards the individual, etc.
The development function is here meantspecial measures that will contribute not only to the formation of special skills and knowledge, but also to the overall development of students. It should be noted that training itself is an evolving one, although the range of developed qualities and methods of instruction is somewhat reduced, due to the lack of focus on such content.
Principles and patterns of the learning process
The patterns of the learning process point toessential and necessary links between its outcome and conditions, and the principles that they determine determine the main strategy for the solution of learning objectives. There are external and internal patterns of learning. External means the dependence of learning on social conditions and processes (political and socio-economic situation, level of culture, etc.). Internal patterns are relationships that are established between the components of the learning process (for example, between the student, the teacher and the meaning of the teaching material, between methods, forms and means of instruction).
The principles of the learning process are formed on the basis ofregularities. They are the most general provisions that define the requirements for the organization, content, implementation and management of the learning process. For example, such is the principle of the interrelation between theory and practice, the independence and activity of students, the principle of the people as an appeal to the history and traditions of previous generations, etc.