Erysipelas of the leg: symptoms, prevention, treatment
Man and the world of bacteria
The human world is filled with a huge number of pathogenic bacteria. With good immunity and precautionary measures, people have nothing to fear. But if the bacteria enter a weakened body, then various diseases can be caused. For example, a common sore throat or erysipelas of the lower leg. Therefore, only protection, prevention and early treatment will preserve health.
Skin lesions with the formation of a limited inflammatory focus, accompanied by a feeling of general intoxication and an increase in temperature, are diagnosed as erysipelas. The legs, genitals, and even the face are infected. The disease develops due to penetration of streptococci, mainly in group A, under the skin. Most often, children under three years old and older people suffer because of the age-related features of the immune system. Erysipelas has the following symptoms:
- general state of the body: a sharp increase in body temperature, chills and weakness, pain in muscles, limbs, headaches;
- local manifestation: burning and pain of the affected area, swelling, peeling of the skin, erythema may be accompanied by bubbles with liquid.
Refusal of drug treatment leads to the development of ulcers and skin necrosis.
What you need to know about erysipelas?
The most unprotected part of the body is the lower limbs, especially in summer. Therefore, erysipelatous inflammation of the lower leg has a seasonal character. Getting under damaged or scratched skin, pathogenic microbes can asymptomatically develop from several hours to four days. It must be remembered that erysipelas of the foot is contagious. Accordingly, methods are used to prevent bacilliating of the patient’s relatives: more attention is paid to the hygiene of the lower extremities, and contacts with the infected person are limited. The disease is capable of relapse, since immunity against it is not developed. With repeated infections, the symptoms are less pronounced, but a patient facing a similar problem will not be mistaken in the diagnosis.
Prevention and treatment
The main type of prophylaxis is body hygiene, including daily summer showers, the need for cleansing of impurities of the feet, hands and face. Scratches, cuts, wounds should be immediately treated with an antiseptic at hand (iodine, brilliant green, hydrogen peroxide). Erysipelas of the leg or any other part of the body is treated with antibiotics, which the doctor prescribes in accordance with the identified pathogen. Often it is penicillin or tetracycline. Recurrent disease also requires antihistamines, since secondary skin lesions lead to allergic changes. When running the disease requires surgical intervention. In general, the treatment started on time gives a high result.
There are factors that multiply the risk of erysipelas. These are primarily drug addiction and alcoholism, as they lead to violations in the vascular system of the body. In the second place, the risk group consists of patients with diabetes mellitus and varicose veins.