Edward VI - the first English Protestant king. short biography
The English king Edward VI is famous for having ascended the throne at the age of ten and reigned for six years. He was the third of the Tudor dynasty and the first Protestant monarch. His short life was full of intrigue and strife between the famous names of Britain for the right to rule the country until the majority of the English monarch, whom he never reached.
The future King Edward VI had two sisters - Mary and Elizabeth. They were born from the first and second marriages of the father. Pope Edward was the English monarch Henry VIII - the second king of the Tudor dynasty, and his mother the representative of the ancient aristocratic family Jane Seymour. For Heinrich, she became the third wife. However, on the twelfth day after birth, the woman passed away.
Boy's father: King Henry VIII
King Henry VIII of England was distinguished by the extreme degree of despotism.His cruelty is confirmed by the tragic fate of his six wives. The British say that if the wife of Heinrich did not die herself, then she was executed. At this monarch in England, along with traditional Catholicism, Protestantism enters a number of official religions. The extremely controversial and unbalanced character of the ruler led to the fact that he was excommunicated.
After that, the English Parliament adopted the “Act of Suprematism,” according to which the king was proclaimed head of the Anglican Church. Under his rule, according to estimates by English historians, more than 72 thousand people were executed. He had ten children from all his wives, only three remained alive - two daughters and a son Edward. The ruler loved his long-awaited heir.
Boy's mother: Jane Seymour
Mother Edward VI belonged to an ancient family of nobles and was related to many aristocratic clans in England. By her nature, she was quiet and calm, as opposed to her husband, who was a real despot and tyrant. She was the maid of honor of his first two wives. The rapprochement with the king contributed to her two brothers, who were in his service. She, according to Heinrich, was the most beloved of all six wives.It was Lady Jane who in October 1537 gave him an heir.
The future king Edward VI, according to historical documents, grew up healthy boy. Lord Chancellor Audley speaks about this in his communications and underlines his excellent mental development. Father was very fond of Edward and was proud of him. The little heir created all the conditions for his development and assigned the best teachers. The emphasis was on the study of foreign languages, theology, geometry.
When the little prince was four years old, he became ill with malaria. His body coped with the disease successfully, but it still left certain consequences. Up to four years, he was under the supervision of women, after his teachers were William Sidney, Richard Page, Edward Seymour.
When the boy was 6, they invited the best teachers. For his age, he was very educated: he knew Latin, French, Italian, Spanish. Theology and religious education took place according to a plan that was approved by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. It was at this time that Edward VI’s religious affiliation with Protestantism was formed.In addition, he was taught to play musical instruments, financial business.
With the sisters Edward had a very warm relationship. He loved his sister Maria, despite her commitment to Catholicism. Elizabeth also trembled with him. In 1547, Henry VIII gathered his children to celebrate Christmas with them and his last wife.
Soon the king again approached the girls, whom he removed from the eyes after the execution of their mothers. He signed the third “Act of the throne”. In it, he attracted daughters to the heir to the throne. However, the idyll in the family did not last long. At the end of January 1547 he died.
Reign Years and Sudden Death
Approaching the throne, Edward Seymour and William Paget together with other courtiers decided for some time not to inform Parliament of the death of King Henry VIII. This was necessary in order to settle all matters related to the succession to the throne. The sad news was reported only to children. They also read the father’s will.
On February 20, the coronation of the new King Edward VI took place. It was carried out in an abbreviated form, in accordance with the norms of the Reformation.To govern the country, according to the will of the king, was prescribed to the Regency Council until the age of majority Edward. It was under him that, with the full consent of Edward, the Anglican Church was strengthened and Protestantism triumphed. A new prayer book was published, which caused discontent and rebellion in Devon and Cornwall. It was cruelly suppressed.
After six years of rule and under unexplained circumstances, the king of England died suddenly, and his sister Maria ascended to the throne.