Dendrobium orchid - a plant only for professional florists
Dendrobium orchid is not a plant for beginners in floriculture, as it is not easy to create the necessary conditions. Although there are people who have "easy hand" literally on all the flowers. And the first “complex” orchid that came to them is taking root, grows well and blooms regularly.
Growing in nature
The dendrobium orchid belongs to epiphytic plants and in natural conditions, as a rule, it settles in ruins and crowns of trees. But living on them, she does not parasitize, but only uses them as a support. At the same time, it feeds on humus, which accumulates in the crevices of tree bark, and absorbs moisture from the air, since it is good in the tropics. The butterfly orchid (phalaenopsis) lives in a similar way, although their structures differ significantly.
Wanting to breed this genus of orchids at home, it needs to create conditions close to natural ones.Soil to use a special "For orchids" or make it on the basis of pine bark. Lighting - bright diffused. Watering during the period of growth is abundant, but without stagnation of water, moderate in the period of conditional rest, which occurs in winter. Feeding is reasonable (it is desirable to reduce the indicated dosage on the package by 2 times), during the rest period it is not necessary to feed. Humidity needs increased.
The root system of the dendrobium is not very developed, so the plant in the process of evolution had to acquire a kind of thickened stems called "pseudobulbs". Their tissues are filled with mucus-like fluid and are reservoirs for the preservation of water and nutrients. It is thanks to the pseudobulb that the dendrobium orchid is able to withstand prolonged droughts. The leaves of all epiphytic plants are rough to the touch, covered with skin, as in their homeland droughts alternate with the rainy season. In contrast, the pafiopedillum orchid, which comes from a zone with uniform moistening, has more tender leaves.
The division into heat and cool
Dendrobiums can be divided into heat-loving and cool-loving.The first evergreen species need daily temperatures in the summer of 20-280C, winter 20-220C, and night - about 15-180C throughout the year. They will not survive the winter on the windowsill. Kinds cool-loving in the summertime in the afternoon contain at 15-200C, in winter - at 10-140C. Night temperature at any time of the year should be 3-5 degrees lower than the daytime. From April to September, these species are desirable to expose to the open air.
The genus of dendrobium is very diverse. It has from 1000 to 1600 species. Among them are miniature, whose growth does not exceed 15 cm, there are also high ones - more than 2 m. Some varieties are deciduous, others are evergreen. Some stems are leafy along the entire length, others have only a few leaves at the tops. There are varieties with hundreds of flowers and species that have floral buds with 2-3 buds. Coloring - from pinkish, purple tones to bright yellow.
If you were given a dendrobium orchid or you are going to buy it, then you need to find out what temperature it prefers. Since the care of the various representatives of this kind are very different.