Demonstrative pronouns - use them correctly in English!
Types of Indicative Pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns in English can not boast of a large number, there are only four of them. In the singular, the pronouns “this” and “that” are used, they, respectively, mean “this” and “that”. In the plural - "these" and "those", in the translation of "these" and "those". These demonstrative pronouns are usually used as nouns or adjectives. Note that the pronouns “this” and “these” are used to refer to objects that are close to you, and “that” and “those” are at a distance from you (not in this room, for example). We also add that demonstrative pronouns can be in a sentence with additions, subjects or definitions. Consider simple brief examples:
- This woman is very beautiful. - This woman is very beautiful. (This refers to a woman who is close to the speaker).
- Give me that green book, please. - Give me that green book, please.(The book is in the distance, for example, on a shelf).
- Is this your magazine? - Is that your magazine? (The magazine is in the hand or right before the eyes).
- Is that girl did you see yesterday? - Is that the girl you saw yesterday? (This is about a girl who is in the distance).
- This isn't her pen. It's mine. - This is not her pen. She is mine. (The handle itself is near).
- That glue is not good for wood. - That glue is not very good for wood. (Suppose we are talking about any brand of glue).
- These shoes are made of leather. - These shoes are made of leather. (These are the shoes pointed to by the speaker).
- I so like those wonderful earrings! - I liked those wonderful earrings so much! (For example, which the speaker saw in a jewelry store).
- Are these boys in a school now? “Are these boys at school now?” (This is about the boys who are nearby).
- Have you ever seen those actors? - Have you ever seen those actors? (Suppose we are talking about the actors of any representation).
- My mum didn't like these pears. - My mom doesn't like these pears. (For example, the speaker buys fruit, and looks at the pears lying in front of him).
- Those trees were not too small. - Those trees were not too small. (This is about any distant trees).
On a note
It is worth adding that demonstrative pronouns are used without articles, that is:
- in this room - in this room;
- near that club - next to that club.
In the plural, as we remember, the articles are practically not used.
By the way, a demonstrative pronoun can specify a moment in time, that is, in sentences with "this" we mean the current period of time or the moment of a given conversation, and with "that" - a moment or a period in the past:
- this winter - this winter;
- that winter - that winter.
We examined in detail the demonstrative pronouns, examining a particular case. Make suggestions that you may need for future use. How should practice, coming up with a variety of sentences, where there are pronouns of the English language, in order not to be confused in the future, using them. For example, many people write in advance certain phrases for traveling, for telling about themselves and their families, for business communication, etc. You can make yourself "reminders" on small pieces of paper and hang them over the desktop. The main thing is to look at them more often, and after complete memorization, update them. Learn English with pleasure!