Decorative rabbits: breeds, their description and photo. Domestic dwarf rabbits: description, care, content
Along with the usual pets, like cats, dogs, hamsters and guinea pigs, decorative rabbits are becoming increasingly popular lately. The breeds of these cute and cute creatures are very diverse and are distinguished by color, coat length and exterior.
Before you start this animal in the house, you should understand which rabbit is considered decorative. Those can be called any rabbit, which is contained for the soul as a pet, regardless of size and color. Clear standards are defined in dwarf breeds, which are the best option for keeping in an apartment.
The maximum weight of an adult dwarf rabbit is 2.5 kg.The length of the ears does not exceed 6 cm, with the exception of some breeds. For example, in a lop-eared rabbit, they are the main decoration and can have a length of up to 20 cm. The size of the body depends on the breed and can vary from 20 to 50 cm. Dwarf rabbits and hair length are different.
Buying a little rabbit, it is difficult to determine its breed, in this case it is best to look at its parents or ask for documents on an animal in order to get the necessary information about its future dimensions. Therefore, it is best to make such a purchase from the breeder. He will talk about how to care for a decorative rabbit, how to feed, etc.
Short haired rabbits
This is perhaps the most common breed of dwarf rabbits. The weight of such animals does not exceed one and a half kilograms, they have a miniature body, short legs and the most diverse colors. Their soft shiny hair may be yellow, orange, grayish blue or brown. It has a very neat appearance and requires almost no maintenance.
The nature of these rabbits is unpredictable. Some males show serious aggression during puberty, but as they mature, it passes.You can reduce the level of hostility by castration, as well as paying the animal more attention, love and care.
The short-haired dwarf rabbit is a very active, fun and funny animal. In most cases, he is very docile and friendly.
Representatives of this breed are owners of thick and long wool, hanging even from the face. It seems that they are simply shrouded in fluff and resemble a clump of fur. This wool requires particularly careful care, it must be periodically combed out to prevent the formation of tangles. The weight of this beautiful rabbit can be from 800 g to 1.6 kg. These are very playful animals that get along very well with other pets.
Breed Angora dwarf rabbit has several subspecies, among which there are animals with shorter hair - up to 5 cm. It is much easier and easier to care for them.
These rabbits are considered the cutest. Animals that look like charming soft toys look very cute. In addition, among all the decorative rocks they can be called the most tame. Lop-eared rabbit has a strong constitution, it has a wide chest, a large head with a bulge between the eyes and large hanging ears, the length of which can reach 25 cm.
Lop-eared rabbits have a slightly greater weight compared to other breeds, some individuals can weigh up to 3 kg. The color is mostly monochromatic: white, yellow, blue, gray, black. Rabbits have a wonderful character: they are calm and completely non-aggressive, they love it when they communicate with them, they can sit on their knees for a long time, allowing themselves to be ironed.These animals can safely start in families where there are small children, and not be afraid that the animal will scratch or bite the child. It is believed that the lop-eared rabbits have a certain degree of intelligence. It is noticed that they respond to the nickname, recognize the owner and can follow him on the heels like dogs.
They also belong to the lop-eared, have a similar constitution and the same long ears. Their weight is slightly less and amounts to 1.2-1.6 kg. Coloring can be different: motley, gray, lilac, etc. Near the eyes, on the ears and closer to the tail, the wool is usually colored, and on the muzzle, chest and on the hind legs - white. The Dutch dwarf rabbit has a good character, there is no hostility in it. But sometimes it can be very selfish.
Dwarf Rex Rabbits
This breed received its name due to its velvety soft fur, resembling a royal mantle. The hairs are arranged strictly vertically, immediately returning to its original position, if you hold it with your hand.
Dwarf Rex has a rather elegant, truly royal physique. The head has a slightly pointed shape, and the elongated ears are inclined at an angle of 45 degrees. The whiskers on the face of the Rex are practically undeveloped; it is easy to identify the breed at this very early age. The average weight of rabbits does not exceed 1.5 kg. Their behavior is a little phlegmatic, even the little ones behave very calmly, without showing any special activity.
Very effective rabbit with pure-white coat color. Previously grown only because of the skins, which were compared with ermine. The fur of these rabbits is very dense, so the heat is transferred by them heavily. They are characterized by a large head with closely spaced ears, a small nose, and blue or red eyes.
Decorative hermelin rabbits have a calm and calm character. But this applies only to males.Females often have nervous and rather aggressive behavior. The fecundity of these rabbits is small: no more than two cubs.
They deserve their name due to the long hair on the neck and near the muzzle, as well as the special structure of the ears. There are two types of such rabbits: the Angora lion and the lion's head. The first has a long coat covering the whole body, which does not require special care, as it does not fall down and does not tangle. Sometimes she can even close her eyes, then she has to be carefully trimmed.
Decorative rabbits of the lion head breed are distinguished by short hair on the body and a beautiful long fur collar around the neck, which especially makes them look like a lion. This friendly and quiet animal may well be a suitable gift for a child.
Maintenance and care
To acquire a little rabbit should be no sooner than he will be a month and a half. By this time he should already be swallowed and vaccinated. How healthy a baby is can be determined by its appearance: in this case, the eyes are clean, there are no signs of scratches, scabs or sores on the ears and face.
In order for the animal to live as long and full life as possible, you need to know how to care for a decorative rabbit. These animals do not tolerate drafts as well as excessive heat or cold. The optimum temperature for them is 18-20 ⁰C. It is necessary to place the cage with a pet in a place where direct sunlight does not fall. The height of the cage should not be less than 0.7 meters; it is recommended to cover its bottom with a layer of pressed sawdust or hay. The rabbit is a burrowed animal, so there must be a house for shelter in the cage.
These animals are very clean. It is necessary to change the litter at least 2 times a week. The feeder is best hung. The water in the drinker should always be fresh, you can use a nipple drinkers designed specifically for rodents.
You can extend the life of your pet by providing him walks in the fresh air, walking the rabbit on a leash. It should be more often let him walk around the apartment, giving the opportunity to run. It is rather difficult to answer exactly the question how many decorative rabbits live. This is influenced by many factors. But there are cases when life expectancy was 12 years. Usually, rabbits live 5-7 years.It is believed that the sterilized female lives longer, as the body without childbirth wears less.
When keeping several rabbits, you must follow certain rules. For example, two males can not be kept in the same cage, otherwise you can not avoid fights. Quite peacefully coexist with each other females. The maintenance of different-sex animals will lead to frequent animals, which can adversely affect the health of the rabbit.
Nutrition is important for the health and long life of the pet. Therefore, by the time it appears in the house, it is necessary to prepare to know well how to feed an ornamental rabbit.
Due to the special structure of the digestive system, the digestion of food in rabbits happens very quickly. Therefore, they can eat up to 30 times per day. The main part of the feed is fresh hay. It can be moistened with salt water or lightly sprinkled with flour. From succulent fodder, rabbits prefer carrots, turnips, beets, cabbage, young corn, apples. All vegetables can be given both raw and cooked. Fresh meadow herbs (plantain, nettle, dandelion, burdock) and soaked or boiled cereals such as oats and barley are beneficial to them.
From time to time animals give various mineral supplements: bone meal, mineral stone, pressed chalk. For nibbling bark rabbits enclose in a cage sprigs of apple, lime, raspberry or birch.
All uneaten food must be removed immediately.
Rabbits aged from 7 months to 3 years are suitable for breeding. They are characterized by high mating intensity and the ability to produce offspring up to 9 times a year. In the litter can be from 2 to 12 cubs.
There are a number of rules for mating to be most successful. The activity of rabbits is higher in the morning, it is during this time that it is recommended to sit them together. In this case, in the cage to the male they plant a female, and not vice versa. It is necessary to make sure that there are no sharp objects in the cage (protruding wire, nails, etc.). It also removes everything that may interfere with the rabbits, including the feeder with a drinker.
Knitting at all does not affect how many decorative rabbits live and their overall health. Therefore, it is quite possible to refuse it.
Rabbits are born absolutely tiny, similar to worms.They have absolutely no coat, hearing and vision. But from the first days of life the sense of smell is superbly developed. After 7-8 days after birth, the babies start to get hair, which already turns into a real fur coat by two weeks of age. By this time, the eyes open, and at about the age of three weeks the rabbits begin to feed on their own and can leave the nest.
One week after birth, the weight of the bunny increases by 2 times, and by the end of the first month - by 10 or even 12 times. When babies are 2 months old, they are removed from their mother. The question of how to feed an ornamental rabbit at this age is no longer worth it. They feed in the same way as adults, catching up to their size by four months.
The breeding of ornamental rabbits is becoming popular lately due to the large number of advantages. The cost of their maintenance is negligible, these pets do not require special attention to themselves. They can be easily transported if necessary, or left for a while with friends in case of departure. Decorative rabbits whose breeds do not have long thick wool do not need frequent hygienic procedures. They can safely walk on a leash, without fear of spoiling the coat.
The maintenance and upbringing of such an unusual pet will bring great pleasure to both adults and children.