Day regimen of a child at 1 year old: features of the daily routine, food, sleep, play and walks of a one-year-old baby
All children develop according to their individual schedules, and the daily regimen of a child in 1 year may differ from the schedule of the rest of the crumbs. Some babies at this age are confidently stomping, others are just crawling and have not yet taken the first steps. The same applies to the nervous system of children: for some, it is weak, for some it makes it possible to stay awake, only being interrupted for one time during sleep during the day.
The mode of the day is the sequence of actions that you have established - a pledge of the habit developed. It is important that the baby knows that you care about his health and he cannot do without food, sleep and hygienic measures.
Baby food regime in 1 year
Many Russian pediatricians claim that eating a baby is needed every 3 hours, but experienced mothers know that the baby’s appetite plays a big role in his life.
Enter a rule in the family: "No snacks!", So as not to complain about the lack of appetite in children. If a baby chews something, then a signal is received in his brain about eating, because then he will not have appetite, and during lunch or dinner, the child will simply turn away from the plate.
1 year old baby sleep
How much should a baby sleep?
Sleep rate for a baby at the age of 1 year is 12-13 hours a day, night sleep takes 10-11 hours out of them, 2-3 hours during sleep during the day. If the regimen differs by +/- 1 hour in any direction, this is a normal variant . If the baby is alert, calm, cheerful, able to concentrate on his own actions, he has a great appetite, he easily goes to bed, wakes up with a smile, there is no cause for concern.
But if the child is sleeping 16-17 hours a day, this should alert you, you must pay attention to other symptoms and report this to the pediatrician.
Day sleep - one-time or two-time?
The daily routine of the "anniversary" can be one of two options.
- 2-phase sleep during the day, which consists of 2 periods of 1.5 hours each. Toddlers who prefer this kind of sleep can stay awake for about 4 hours. In the evening they need to be laid at about 22.00.2 long walks and meals 5 times a day fit perfectly into the daily routine.
- 1 long day nap. This usually requires a serious restructuring of the day. Babies, who are satisfied with 1 dream, can be counted as “owls”: they wake up not earlier than 7-8 o'clock in the morning. Their daytime sleep lasts at least 2–3 hours, begins at about 1:00 pm, ends not earlier than 3:30 pm - 4:00 pm. In this case, the baby can sit at the table only 4 times. Such a regime of a child at 1 year is as close as possible to the conditions of children attending a preschool institution, therefore adaptation at the first visits to the nursery will most likely pass without difficulty. In addition, the crumbs of the parents, who go to rest at 21.00, receive a bit more free time (provided that they, too, are “owls”).
Lifting, washing and morning exercises
Baby's morning should begin with washing and washing. Usually, children have great fun in water games, you can use this moment in the formation of a useful skill, allowing the child to wash himself. Before that, every time show him how to properly wash his face, hands, use soap and a towel.
The gymnastics of a one-year-old child is just as important as hygiene measures. It may include the following exercises:
- crawling on all fours;
- walking with support, support and independent movement;
- walking on a narrow path;
- squatting with and without support;
- pulling a toy from a small height;
- climbing on a bed, chair, sofa, chair, getting off these pieces of furniture;
- crawling through the hoop and under the obstacles;
- inclinations with fixed knees;
- raising the legs from a prone position to a 90 ° angle;
- rising from a lying state to a sitting position;
- lifting arms alternately, arm movements as in boxing;
- throws the ball with 2 hands;
- walking in a place with high knees.
The schedule of eating a baby depends on how many times he sleeps during the day, what is the mode of the child's day at 1 year old.
With a 2-phase sleep mode, baby can have time to feed 5 times, with one day sleep - 4 times. If the baby is on HB, breast milk is perfect for the 1st breakfast and feeding before laying up for the night (when artificially fed, it will be replaced by milk formula).
For a second breakfast, lunch and dinner, the baby will receive food from the common table - cereals, salads, soups, dairy products, boiled and steamed vegetables, fruits, berries, meat and fish dishes. At this age, food should not be frayed. Meat and fish can be finely cut to develop a chewing reflex and form the correct bite.
The list of products that are prohibited for the baby: everything is spicy, spicy and fried, citrus fruits, nuts, smoked meats, canned food, sausage, mushrooms and pastries. Instead of shopping chocolates you can treat your child with fruits and berries.
Try to develop the skills of accuracy in the baby during the meal, learn to use napkins, handkerchief, rinse your mouth after eating, brush your teeth in the morning and evening.
The optimal time for walks is chosen by the mother, watching the baby and pursuing goals, which she sets at the time of leaving the house. For example, if you want an active pastime with a maximum of impressions for the crumbs (which may include riding on a swing,communication with peers, feeding pigeons in the park), it is better to go out during hours of maximum activity of the child - after breakfast or during the daytime sleep.
It is necessary to take into account the seasonality. In winter, late autumn and early spring, when it gets dark early, a walk in the afternoon is worse than going outside in the morning - walks at dusk are interesting to teenagers, not toddlers. On hot days it is better to go out before 11.00 and after 16.00, when the sun is not at its zenith. It is important that the walk time be filled with interesting things, no matter how long it lasts.
If a mother has to cope with some things during a walk (for example, go to the store), and the baby does not like such events (this is understandable, he wants to play and learn something new), the task becomes more complicated. In this case, try to adjust the joint mode to go outside, and the child slept at this time.
In late autumn, in winter and in early spring, the duration of a one-year-old child’s walk should not be more than 60 minutes.If you walk less, it is worth going outside for the 2nd time in a day.
All the kids love to learn something new: build and tear down what they have created, pick them up from the floor and throw them out of the crib. Plastic or soft cubes are ideal for this purpose. It is also good to play in the one-year-old sorter, designer with large details.
You can assist your child in studying images, colors, build houses. Collect puzzles with large elements, learn to glue applications. Such games are very close.
Games with pyramids will also be useful: when you buy, choose options with large rings, so that the child would be comfortable to take them and strung them on the rod.
On the dolls you can demonstrate the baby, where the ears, eyes, nose, hair, arms and legs. Then you can ask: "Where are the ears from Nadia?" And ask them to show. Imitating the actions of parents, brothers and sisters, the baby will begin to take care of the doll - to dress, feed and water, put to sleep, regret, sit on the potty.
Very important in this age of books. Even if the baby cannot understand what he is talking about, he hears a familiar voice, learns some words, studies the pictures with you.Ask your child questions, show what is shown in the pictures, each month complicating your stories and questions.
Fairy tales in poems are of particular interest in the life of a child: the poetic rhythm is better perceived, he will repeat them exactly when he begins to speak.
Many people like to play with dishes, such classes can be varied using the available tools: cereals, beans, pasta of different shapes, liquids in plastic bottles. A child can pour water from one bowl to another, catch items in the water, sort out the cereals and thus learn to own his own body.
At this age, you can conduct classes with clay under the supervision of adults, so that your child learns to sculpt sausages and koloboks. It is necessary to carefully monitor that the clay did not get into the mouth of the child. You can make or buy finger paints: the kid will have a sea of emotions from drawing with her palms and fingers.
Kids at this age think in images, do not operate on abstract concepts, therefore many games or images need to be involved in games.Cubes, dolls, balls, bright books, soft toys will be a wonderful props for educational activities.
The desire to create with a single person declares himself, but he does not always get what he has in mind, and then the interest in the case is lost. Help your child, direct your fingers, tell what you are doing and why, so that interest in creativity will ripen gradually.
At this age it is important to arrange games for the development of speech. You can skip words in his favorite fairy tale or song, repeat sounds (“How does a plane fly?”, “How does a cat purr?”, “How does a dog bark?”, “How does a bee buzz?”). Show items and ask the kid to call them.
Hygiene procedures at bedtime
For the baby, regular skin care is important, since it is very gentle and susceptible to damage. Parents, allowing small errors in child care, cause him anxiety. For example, the child was dressed too warmly, which led to the appearance of prickly heat, or it was washed out at the wrong time, diaper rash, itching, burning appeared.
At least 2 times a week, the baby should be bathed before bedtime. After 1 year, this can be done in a large bath, and after 2 years it is worthwhile to accustom you to take a shower.If on some day you do not bathe your baby before bedtime, be sure to wash him and wash his feet.
It is advisable that by the age of one year the child learns to fall asleep without motion sickness or nipples. So it will be easier for you, but not to him. Although, of course, such advice is extremely difficult to implement.
Day regimen of the child at 1 year by hour
Option 1 (2 daytime sleep)
|6.30||Baby wakes up. Hygiene procedures, gymnastics, dressing up.|
|8.00||Games, the period of wakefulness.|
|12.30||Dressing up, walk.|
|20.30||Laying down, night sleep.|
Option 2 (1 day sleep)
|7.00||Baby wakes up. Hygiene procedures, gymnastics, dressing up.|
|11.00||Dressing up, games at home|
|12.00||Lunch, laying on a nap.|
|20.30||Bath, massage, quiet games, reading books.|
|21.30||Kefir before bedtime, laying down, hang up.|
The mode of the child in 1 year is necessary for the normal development of the crumbs, the stability of his nervous system.Parents, who believe that the baby does not need a clear schedule, end up with a risk to get a child who does not give in to upbringing. Without a sufficient amount of sleep, the crumb is constantly excited, it interferes with its adequate perception of the surrounding world, communication with relatives and peers, learning and development. Selecting the mode, you should take into account the needs and desires of your baby.
And what is your opinion about the regime of a one-year-old child - is he needed? We welcome feedback in the comments on this article.