Chekhov "The death of an official": summary, heroes, analysis
The story of A. Chekhov “The death of an official” is one of the early works of the writer, which in 1886 was included in the collection “The Motley Stories”. It was written in the spirit of artistic realism. This trend in literature in Russia was developed in the second half of the XIX century. At the end of the work, the writer transcends it, since he considered ridicule of death inadmissible.
Chekhov, “The death of an official”: summary, analysis
The theme of the “little” person - the official, who often without constant reason is in constant uncertainty and confusion, is put on the forefront here. That is how the author protests against any suppression of the individual. The summary of Chekhov's story “The death of an official” very clearly reflects all the consequences of such an appeal.
Only three characters are present in the story. This is a low-ranking official Chervyakov Ivan Dmitrievich, his wife, and General Brizzhalov.The main attention of the work is aimed at the official who became the object of ridicule. But the character of the remaining characters is left undisclosed by Anton Chekhov. “The death of an official” (summary) describes Chervyakov as a little, pitiful and comical person. Genuine laughter makes him stupid and absurd perseverance, and his humiliation begets pity. In his persistent apologies to the general, he crosses all borders and renounces his human dignity.
Analyzing the topic “Chekhov,“ The death of an official ”: a brief summary, analysis,” it should be noted that the author contrasts two personalities in the plot. This is the boss and subordinate.
It is from the conflict that A.P. Chekhov begins the story “Death of an official”. The summary shows its traditional development: General Brizzhalov eventually shouted at his subordinate, because of this, Worms die from cardiac arrest. It would seem that the usual scheme for the plot. However, in the work there is the presence of some innovative techniques, because the general shouted at the subordinate only after he himself had brought him his intrusive apologies.
The comic and somewhat unexpected reversal of events lies in the worldview of the official Chervyakov, who did not die out of fear, but from the fact that the general, as a man of high rank, violated his "holy principles."
Chekhov did not change his style, his brevity is amazing. In his works there is always a deep meaning, which can be known only through artistic details.
Here you will not feel the presence of the author - this is also Chekhov’s reception, which helps to describe events even more objectively.
Summary of the story "Death of an official", Chekhov
Now, in fact, you can proceed to the very plot of the work. Petty official Ivan Dmitrievich Chervyakov, acting as a department manager for an institution, sits in the second row, looks through binoculars and enjoys French operatic composer Plunkett “Corneville Bells”. Then his face wrinkled, his eyes rolled, his breath curled, he bent down and sneezed. Worms was a very polite man, he wiped himself off with a handkerchief and looked around to see if he had put someone to sneeze. And suddenly he found out that the old man sitting in the front was wiping his bald head with a handkerchief and mumbled something.Looking closer, Ivan Dmitrievich saw that it was none other than the State General Brizzhalov. This makes him sick. He awkwardly pulled himself to him and began to whisper in his ear the words of apology.
Chekhov continues “The death of the official” (we present the summary of the work in the review) by the fact that the general replied that, in general, nothing terrible had happened. But he continued to continue to apologize, then the general asked for him to quietly listen to the operetta. But the official did not stop everything, and even at intermission he approached the general and began to ask for forgiveness, to which he replied that he had long forgotten about it.
But now it seemed to Chervyakov that the general had been sarcastic and probably thought that he wanted to spit at him. The official came home and told his wife about what had happened, she was frightened and said that her husband was too light-hearted about this, that we should go to the reception to the general and once again ask for forgiveness.
The next day, dressed in a new uniform, he goes to the general. Who had a lot of visitors at the reception. Interviewing several visitors, the general saw Chervyakov, who again began with his ridiculous apologies for yesterday. Brizzhalov adequately answered: “Yes, it is complete! What nonsense! "
But Chervyakov did not stop everything and offered to even write an explanatory letter. And then the general could not resist and shouted at him, believing that he was just mocking him. However, Chervyakov mumbled in perplexity that he was not at all laughing.
In general, when he came home, he thought about it and decided to go to the general again tomorrow. The next day, Brizzhalov simply could not bear it and shouted at him: “Get out!”
This is how Chekhov completes the Death of an Official. Summary at the end of the story that Chervyakovu became ill, he retreated to the door and automatically went home. Returning to the apartment, he lay down on the sofa right in his uniform and died.