Bengal cat: character, breed description and owner reviews
This cat is impossible not to notice among dozens of representatives of other breeds. Big and graceful, with an unusual fur coat and surprisingly intelligent and expressive eyes, the Bengal domestic cat is the dream of many purring pet lovers.
The history of the breed
The Bengal cat breed is one of the few successful examples of the cross between a domestic and a wild cat. There is evidence that the first attempts at such a crossing were undertaken in the 60s of the XX century. However, they were unsuccessful. Bengal cat breed appeared in 1970. The famous felinologist J. Mill took up several cats that took part in a genetic experiment. Friend and like-minded Jane, Dr. Willard Centerwol, studied the immunity of Bengal cats (wild). As it turned out, he was so powerful that he successfully resisted cat leukemia virus.Work began on the crossing of wild and domestic cats. The main goal of the experiments was to transfer this unique property to descendants of wild animals.
After completing the experiment, Dr. Centerwol did not destroy the litter, but decided to find owners for the little ones. Since Jane dreamed of getting a hybrid of a wild and domestic cat, she gladly accepted the offer of a colleague. From the litter, she chose animals that inherited the traits of a wild cat, and had quite a sweet temper, which allowed them to be tamed.
I must say that Jane Mill began experimenting in the field of cat breeding as early as the University of Davis in 1940 when she studied genetics there. In 1961 she visited Bangkok, and there she saw Bengal cats for the first time. The Bengal cat breed, the photo of which she had previously seen only in the special literature, struck her. She brought one of the representatives of the breed to her homeland and crossed with her domestic cat. True, in the future life circumstances were such that Jane interrupted her experiments.
This background provides an opportunity to understand how enthusiastically she began to work when fate gave her a second chance to work with this animal.Dr. Centerwol supported her completely and completely, which could not be said about the community of cat lovers. The main part of organizations and nurseries opposed the mixture of wild and domestic animals. And today, such an authoritative organization as the CFA does not register Bengals. Despite this, the Bengal cat has been recognized since 1980 by many international organizations.
Mrs. Mill continued her painstaking work on the breed, which turned out to be quite difficult - the cats did not want to mate with cats, and besides, most of the cats were sterile. With females it was easier - they were able to produce healthy offspring.
It was clear that cats of the Burmese, Mau and Abyssinian breeds do not have strong genetics, Jin was looking for the necessary animal in different countries. In 1982, an employee of an Indian zoo (New Delhi) approached her, who invited her to pay attention to the magnificent wild cat who lived in the zoo. It was a completely wild animal. However, from him and the hybrid cats that belonged to Jane, managed to get a litter.
Generations of cats have numbers F1, F2, F3, etc. The first numbers indicate that the offspring obtained from a wild cat and domesticated cats.Since the generation (F4), the fourth in a row, only a Bengal domestic cat and a cat were allowed to breed.
The first generations of animals were raised by enthusiasts, since these cats could not be called domestic cats. They still retained the habits and traits of wild animals. Now Bengal cat (owner reviews allow us to talk about it) - this is a friendly, affectionate and effective pet. Nevertheless, many still belong to the breed is critical. Jane Mill believes that her pets are biased. According to her, when a cat bites a judge at a competition, this is attributed to stress, and if the bengal does the same, then it immediately comes to wild blood.
Bengal cat - breed description
These magnificent “mini-leopards” possess the grace, grace, flexibility and luxurious spotted fur coat, are a reminder that even 9500 years ago our cute pets from the cat family were completely wild. Therefore, people again and again seek to recreate a domestic cat, resembling a wild cat. An example of this are the Ocicat, the Egyptian Mau, the Bengali, the Savannah.
The Bengal cat, whose photo often adorns the covers of animal magazines, is a large and developed athlete with a long body (but not of the oriental type). Animals have well developed musculature (especially for cats). The paws are also muscular, powerful, the hind limbs are slightly longer than the front. The neck is rather long and appears to be thick, but in fact it is quite proportional to the body. The head is wedge-shaped, has rounded contours. In relation to the body is small.
Eyes oval, almost round, large. Eye color can be different - gold, green or blue at the points. The deeper and richer it is, the better.
The ears are short, small in size, broad at the base, rounded at the tips, set apart at the edges of the head.
Wool and color
The coat is short or medium in length, adjacent to the body, rather dense, but very silky and soft. Bright markings create excellent contrast with the main tone.
The color of Bengal cats is a distinctive feature of the breed. It can vary within brown tones. But besides them, there are snow and silver colors.
Regardless of the basic tone, there must be a marble, rosette or spotted pattern on the animal's fur. At the age of four weeks, kittens tend to lose their color. But do not worry, he will recover to ten months. This is a genetic feature of the Bengals.
Bengal cat domestic has a body of large or medium size, with strong legs with rounded pads. The tail is medium in size, rather thick.
These animals are considered adult and fully physically formed by two years. The size of the Bengal cat is impressive. Cats are noticeably larger than cats, their weight varies from 4.5 to 6.8 kg with an increase of 32 cm. Cats by two years gain from 3.6 to 5.4 kg, and their height is about 26 cm.
The Bengal cat also differs in voice from its relatives. Reviews of the owners say that it is rather loud in it, containing much more sounds and intonations than other cats.
Bengal cats - character reviews
Many animal lovers are wondering if you can keep such a cat in the house. Immediately we want to reassure them: the Bengal cat is domesticated, whose photos are often shown by breeders (of later generations) are no more aggressive than any of its fellows from other breeds.These are active, playful animals that remain kittens in the soul until old age.
Bengal cats (reviews of the owners confirm this) fly into the room with eyes glowing with happiness, which seem to urge everyone present to have fun with them and immediately start the game. To this should be added a high level of intelligence, great curiosity and the incredible charm of such a pet.
It is not surprising that the Bengal cat is very smart, the photos of which are placed by all reputable nurseries in their advertising brochures. After all, her wild ancestors needed something more than claws and fangs to survive in natural conditions.
Bengal cat character and habits, rather, a dog - resorts to the call of the owner, brings his toys, calling for the game, can learn various tricks. Sometimes they succeed in this matter, which causes discontent of the owners. For example, when they begin to open doors, doors, taps or flush the water in the toilet. They are playful until old age, they catch everything that moves - from real mice to artificial ones.
Put together all these qualities, and you will understand what a Bengal cat is.Breed descriptions can be found in all animal publications. Such a pet has a high degree of socialization. They are absolutely not afraid of strangers, boldly go to meet them, study, sniff, look at. But you shouldn't pull your hands to them when they first met - they can scratch them. These irrepressible "mini-leopards" are ready to play at any time of the day or night. They always strive to climb as high as possible and absolutely do not like to sit in one place.
Very much like freedom and Bengali cats do not accept its restrictions. Reviews of the owners convince us of this. This may be expressed in relation to the leash or when the owner tries to take his pet in his arms. This does not mean that he will spread his hands into the blood, but he will run away at the first opportunity. This behavior should not be attributed to the “wildness” of the animal, as many quite domestic cats quite often behave.
The Bengal cat breed, whose photos we have posted in our article, love some things that are unacceptable for other breeds. They are very fond of water, as are their wild and larger relatives leopards. Your pet will be happy to play with a trickle of water from the tap, it may even get into your bathroom.
This, of course, is funny, but only until the happy pet gets out of the water and starts to rush around the house. Sometimes cats are so addicted to water that the owners have to close the bathrooms and toilets on the lock, otherwise they will flush the toilet in their toilets and open the taps.
The Bengal cat, whose character is quite appeasable (if you do not take into account some minor pranks), usually tied to one person, isolated it and considered their master. This does not prevent them from spending time and playing with all family members. These beautiful animals need close interaction with the owner, and the trouble is for those who can not provide it. Bengal cat domestic (photos of which are posted in our article), when he misses, begins to behave oddly. She can tear things apart to find out what's inside, open the door to some room to determine what is hidden there. The animal loves to hide things, so the most valuable are best kept out of the reach of it.
Bengal cat, whose character is quite livable, usually behaves quietly. But if she starts to make sounds, then you can't do without a simple and gentle meow.The range of their sounds is large enough, and over time, the owners begin to understand when their pet is hungry, when it wants to take a walk, and when it is just boring.
Normally Bengali cats get along well with other pets. The character (feedback from the owners will allow to make such a conclusion) "little leopards" does not allow them to be kept in families with small children. The fact is that they will be happy to play with the child, but only until the silly kid starts to pull their tail or mustache. It is necessary that the child be at that age when he will understand that in front of him is not a toy, but a living being.
Bengal cat, whose character is always individual, in each case can behave differently. But if you learn to understand this independent, proud and at the same time playful creature, then you never want to start a cat of a different breed.
Maintenance and care
These graceful beauties do not require complex care. Representatives of this breed are strong and active animals, distinguished by good physical health.
They love to climb up, the higher the better.Therefore, to protect your furniture, provide them with a high scraper. The higher it is, the more interesting your pet. In many ways, caring for bengal is about creating conditions for him to maximize activity. From this depends on the health and mood of your pet. These cats are happy to walk outside on a leash - this satisfies their innate curiosity.
Despite the fact that Bengals love water, it is often not recommended to bathe them. These are very clean animals.
But the teeth need to pay special attention. When feeding with natural food, deposits may appear on the teeth, as a result - an unpleasant smell from the mouth. It is necessary to regularly inspect the oral cavity of the animal. To eliminate plaque, it is important to include in the diet dry food, which also perfectly massages the gums. It is advisable to use special toothpaste for cats for brushing your teeth, and regularly visit a veterinarian for preventive purposes.
Bengal cats coat is gorgeous - short, silky, smooth. She practically does not need care - just brush it once a week. Trim the claws regularly (once a week).Clean the ears with a cotton swab as they become dirty. Remember, the sooner you teach your pet to hygienic procedures, the easier they will be in the future.
Choosing a kitten
We have already said in our article that Bengal cats are in great need of affection and attention from the owner. When buying a kitten grown in a nursery abroad, the owner often encounters certain temperament features - distrust, caution, desire for solitude. This behavior occurs due to the content in the aviary. The baby will need special attention and care.
Counting on completely inexperienced “cat-lovers”, we say that you can only buy a Bengal kitten from the nursery or from a well-proven experienced breeder. Be sure to draw up a deal and all the accompanying documents on the kitten.
And now we’ll focus on the most important issues concerning the health of the little Bengal. Look at his eyes - they should be clear and clean. Any discharge from the nose should alert you. You can take a kitten from the nursery at least 10 weeks old.
Well inspect the baby's coat.In a healthy kitten, it is clean, shiny, not greasy. Ask the breeder whether the vaccine has been vaccinated and what the future schedule for vaccinations is.
Be sure to observe the behavior of the baby. He must be playful, active and necessarily curious. A little fearfulness at the first meeting is normal and explainable. Do not take a limp kitten. Look at the cat mom. Does she look healthy and well-groomed? Check if hereditary diseases were tested.
Bengal cats are carnivores. Often, owners of cats (of any breeds) forget about this obvious fact. Look at the commercial feed, and you will see that they contain very little meat, a lot of corn, wheat, soy, potatoes, rice. Such types of feed exist only about 60 years. So why are they so in demand? The answer is obvious - they are cheap. Do these feeds provide enough substance for the cat to survive? Yes. Will the cat thrive on these feeds? No and no again. The most reliable alternative to such nutrition is natural meat, fish, vegetables.
Let's give the Bengal cat more natural products.Sometimes the owners are perplexed: "How can you feed a cat only meat or fish, and even raw?". This is the most natural food for her, we do not think that someone believes that the previous 9000 years old cat fed exclusively on dry food and canned food.
Most of the owners of these extraordinary beauties are very pleased with this purchase. People like their cheerful disposition and playfulness, delight the mind and ingenuity, amuse ingenuity and the search for a solution in an unusual setting. It is unlikely that someone might not like their exquisite beauty.
But there are less optimistic reviews. Some point to problems like a small child. Others say that their pet is constantly meowing (and how he does it, we spoke above). Probably, such reviews leave quite inexperienced owners. Your cat can not constantly meow without a reason. Try to understand what he wants, and if you do not get it, connect a professional.