American Akita dog: photo and description, characteristic of the breed, education and proper care
American Akita is a dog with a memorable appearance and a very complicated character. Despite its rich history, it gained popularity only a few decades ago. Therefore, many of our compatriots had never even suspected its existence before. In today's publication we will talk about the main features of the representatives of this breed.
The ancestors of this breed were among the first to live alongside people for a long time. This fact is confirmed by the cave paintings made over 500 years BC. er In those ancient times, similar dogs were reliable guards and assistants in the hunt for large animals. Later they got the name Akita Inu.
American dogs, the ancestors of which were these ancient animals, appeared much later.They were bred during the Second World War, when the threat of extinction hung over the Akita Inu. To preserve the existing livestock, the remaining dogs began to cross with mastiffs and German shepherds. Puppies born from such matings subsequently hit the USA and caused serious interest among local breeders. They were considered rare and very valuable animals. For a long time they were not separated from the Japanese dogs. But then it became clear to the professionals how different these animals are. Therefore, in 2000, a formal decision was made to divide these dogs into Akita Inu and American Akita. The latter has another name. She is also known as a big Japanese dog.
Who is this dog for?
The owner of the American Akita can become a person who already has experience with dogs. Capricious and self-confident beauties need a strict and demanding master, able to force them to submit to their will. A newcomer is unlikely to be able to become their undisputed authority. This means that there is an increased likelihood that an undisciplined, poorly managed and hooligan dog will grow out of his cute, amusing puppy, bringing nothing but problems.
Since the American Akita (a large Japanese dog) does not tolerate loneliness and needs constant communication with people, it cannot be started by those who spend a lot of time at work and will not be able to pay enough attention to their pet. Its owner should be an active person with a free schedule. It is undesirable to acquire a puppy of this breed to those whose homes already have other animals. This is due to the fact that Akita are often zooagressive.
Also you should not get a big Japanese dog too soft or, on the contrary, cruel people with impatient and explosive temper. A potential Akita owner should be the embodiment of self-control, perseverance and perseverance.
Representatives of this breed have a memorable exterior. These are massive broad-boned dogs with well-developed muscles, a cute bear face and pronounced sexual dimorphism. Males are much taller and heavier than bitches of the American Akita. The weight of an adult dog can reach 32-60 kg with growth of 60-70 cm at the withers.
On a round, heavy head with a short muzzle, a flat forehead, a gently curved nape, a straight nose bridge and prominent cheekbones are small triangular eyes with a characteristic squint and neat erect ears.On strong jaws, there are large white teeth, hidden under tight black lips. As for the bite, it can be scissor-or pincer.
The American Akita is a rectangular dog. Under a slightly stretched body with a straight, strong back, wide volumetric chest and massive croup, there are two pairs of strong, even, stocky finishes with heavy but harmonious joints, rounded legs, thumbs and elastic thick-skinned pads. The high set, tapering tail is usually curled into a ring and pressed to the upper part of the body. In a calm state, it is lowered down and reaches to the hock joints.
Coat and color
This is a thick-skinned and very beautiful dog. The American Akita, whose description is difficult to place in a couple of short paragraphs, has a voluminous soft undercoat, hidden under a hard, slightly bristling spine. On the tail, croup, nape and torso of the hair is longer than on the limbs, ears and muzzle.
As for color, it can be almost anything. But most often there are spotted, tiger, straw, red and white individuals.On the faces of the majority of representatives of this breed there is a dark mask. Often the color of the undercoat is slightly different from the tone of the guard hair.
American Akita Character
Dogs of this breed are not suitable for the role of a pet, constantly lying on the couch. They have long been used as hunters, bodyguards and fighters, which could not leave an imprint on their character. These are very freedom-loving animals that can make independent decisions. They only do what they see fit, and it is absolutely pointless to punish them for such behavior, since physical impact will have the opposite effect. In response to ill-treatment, a fearless stubborn man can show aggression.
The American Akita is a dog that remains faithful to one owner, who has managed to become a true leader for it. It has a calm disposition and is not prone to idleness. This animal gets along well with children, but will not tolerate it if the little ones tugging at its tail or pulling at its ears. Akita is practically impossible to make friends with other pets, so it must be the only dog in the family.
Representatives of this breed are indifferent to strangers and never show unreasonable aggression. In this case, they have enough determination to defend their owner, who is in real danger. In general, these are playful, friendly, independent, loyal and rather temperamental dogs with well-developed hunting instinct. However, in the absence of upbringing, they become obstinate and uncontrollable creatures that regularly attempt to take the place of a leader.
Upbringing and training
American Akita is a dog with a highly developed sense of self-worth. Therefore, before proceeding with the training, you need to make good contact with your ward. It is important that the dog trusted the owner and respected him. Then the learning process will be very easy.
It is advisable to start classes after the puppy has fully mastered the new house and will get used to the people around him. The first thing a baby should learn is his name. It should be short, sonorous and easy to remember for a dog. The name of the American Akita usually consists of two or three syllables and reflects the character or external features of the dog.
Representatives of this breed are not one of those who like monotonous activities. Therefore, their training should take place in the form of a game. Noticing that the puppy began to lose interest in classes, it must be distracted by a toy or a treat. It is also important that the upbringing of the American Akita (photos of the dog can be viewed in today's article) was consistent and systematic. Do not allow a small puppy that you do not plan to allow an adult dog. Try never to miss classes and spend them in different places. Due to the change in the environment, the dog will learn to respond adequately to the stimuli and will cease to pay attention to them.
After reading a brief description of the American Akita dog breed, you need to pay attention to the peculiarities of the content of such dogs. These animals are characterized by increased cleanliness and accuracy. They do not make noise over trifles and do not smell dogna. Because they are equally easy to adapt to the content in a private house and in a city apartment. However, in the first case, your site should be fenced with a high fence, under which it is impossible to dig.And in the second - the dog must provide regular long walks.
Since the American Akita is a large dog with a thick double-layer coat, it must be periodically combed out. This can be done with the help of special brushes. If you neglect this procedure, the dog will get an untidy look, and in the corners of your apartment shreds of dog hair will fly apart. Akita need to bathe as needed. To begin with, her hair is thoroughly moisturized and only then washed with diluted shampoo. After bathing the dog, it is advisable not only to wipe with a towel, but also thoroughly dry it with a hairdryer. Otherwise, a fungus may appear in the wet fur of the animal.
The teeth of the American Akita require no less attention. A dog whose characteristics are considered in this publication should regularly inspect the oral cavity. Once a week, the dog needs to brush its teeth with a silicone brush, on which a small amount of professional paste is applied. Otherwise, they will appear unaesthetic plaque and stone.
Once a week should be given time to care for dog ears.They need not only to be cleaned from dust and dirt, but also free from the hairs growing there that interfere with normal ventilation. It is also desirable to control the length of the dog's claws. Usually they grind off in a natural way. But if necessary, they are shortened with a special kogterezkoy.
Representatives of the American Akita dog breed, the description of which would be incomplete without nutritional recommendations, are unpretentious in all that relates to food. They can eat and industrial, and natural food. In the first case, this should be a premium or super premium class product, produced by a proven manufacturer. In the composition of high-quality food there is necessarily meat and there is not a single gram of wheat, corn, and artificial preservatives.
In the second case, the basis of your pet's diet should be beef, lamb, turkey or chicken. Several times a week, it is desirable to replace meat with low-fat marine fish and offal. Also in the dog's menu should include rice, buckwheat, eggs, vegetables, cottage cheese, yogurt and kefir. Twice a year, the dog's diet is recommended to be supplemented with special vitamin-mineral complexes.
American Akita, who consumes natural food, is strictly forbidden to entertain with tubular bones, chocolate, sweets, pastries, cereals and legumes. Also, onion, citrus, grapes, potatoes, pickles, smoked meats, river fish, pork, pasta and sausages should be completely excluded from the menu of your four-legged pet.
As for the diet, it is selected based on the age of the dog. If an adult dog calmly refers to double feeding, then puppies need to eat from three to six times a day.
In general, it is quite strong and healthy dogs. American Akita, whose photos can not convey all their beauty, rarely get sick. But, like any other living creatures, they sometimes have health problems. Most often, representatives of this breed are diagnosed with hip dysplasia. This pathology is not amenable to medical treatment. You can completely get rid of it only through surgery. It is believed that DTS is transmitted genetically, because dogs that have identified this problem are excluded from breeding.
Also, American Akita are prone to diseases of the organs of vision. Some representatives of this breed have entropy or dystrophy of the retina. Eliminate such pathologies can only be operational.
Also, these beautiful dogs have food allergies and atopic dermatitis. Both problems can be complicated by a secondary infection caused by the pathogenic microorganisms getting on irritated skin. Therefore, you should regularly inspect your pet's body for scratches, redness and scratching.
If the American Akita does not follow the diet, it may cause bloating. This is a very dangerous and rapidly developing disease that can result in the death of a dog. To avoid bloat, you need to feed the dog in small portions. For the same reasons, it is impossible to treat the dog immediately before a walk. Between the meal and the exit to the courtyard should take about two hours.
In addition, there are other diseases common to all breeds. These include parainfluenza, leptospirosis, rabies, plague, adenovirosis, corona and parvovirus enteritis.In order to prevent the development of these ailments, it is necessary to conduct timely vaccination of your furry pet.
Differences from Akita Inu
The American breed of dogs has a variety of external features. They are much larger and more stocky than their Japanese relatives. Akita Inu have a more graceful and sophisticated body. In addition to the structure of the body, they can be distinguished by the color of wool. The Japanese Akita standard allows for the existence of red or tiger individuals with white markings on the neck, chest and paws. In addition, they do not have a dark mask on the face. The color of American dogs is more diverse. Among them are not uncommon white, brown, light red and black dogs.
The difference between the representatives of two related breeds is not only in appearance, but also in the peculiarities of character. Japanese Akita were bred specifically for hunting and participation in dog fighting. All this left an imprint on their temperament. Their American descendants are more balanced, affectionate and patient.
Recommendations for selection
If you thought well and decided that you want to become the owner of such a puppy, it is better to contact a specialized nursery or a professional breeder.Only this way you will be assured of the quality of the acquired dog and the authenticity of the documents attached to it. In addition, a good breeder will not sell puppies before they are two months old. By this time, the kids already have a veterinary passport with a mark on the first vaccination and a metric, which will later have to be exchanged for pedigree.
When choosing a puppy you need to focus on his appearance. The dog you like should have fingers gathered in a clump, large elbows, a strong, even back, a short muzzle, a soft belly, a fluffy fur, a thick tail, clean eyes and ears. A swollen or hard belly may indicate the presence of worms. And watery eyes or dirty ears are often signs of an allergic reaction.
Not less attention should be paid to the behavior of the selected puppy. He should not be cowardly, passive or overly timid. Experts recommend giving preference to an active, curious, cheerful doggie who enjoys playing with his littermates.
It is also advisable to look at the mother of the proposed babies. Her appearance and behavior can tell a lot about the conditions of detention and how her children will grow up. She should not be too shy, angry, or exhausted.However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that some dogs feeding their offspring have a strong molt. Because you should not be afraid if the mother of your future pet at the time of viewing will not be elegant wool.
Views of the hosts
American Akita - a dog, reviews of which sound in a positive way. According to people, in whose houses representatives of this breed already live, these are very loyal and faithful dogs. They do not require special care and special food.
At the same time, experienced owners draw the attention of newcomers to the fact that American Akita are endowed with a freedom-loving disposition and need serious training. Engage with such dogs need from an early age. This is due to the fact that small Akita easier to learn and better remember the new team.
Also, experts do not recommend placing such dogs with other pets. And for the American Akita, contained in the courtyard of a private house, you need to build a covered aviary with a warmed booth. In order to prevent probable escapes, it is necessary to surround your site with a high fence, under which it is impossible to dig.