Alexander Litvinenko: biography, family, services, escape, books, date and cause of death
2006 The death of the former FSB lieutenant colonel Alexander Litvinenko in London has become known to the whole world. Both Russian and foreign media published their versions, journalists voiced both real and false high-profile facts. What happened was the cause of the deterioration of relations between the Russian Federation and Great Britain. And there are still disputes over the cause of the death of Alexander Valterovich, the customers of his poisoning. But what is this person? How did Alexander Litvinenko become known to the world? Who needed his poisoning? Answers to questions - on.
Who is it?
Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko is a lieutenant colonel of the Soviet, and later of the Russian state security, an officer of the KGB and the FSB. Litvinenko’s death occurred in London. The reason - poisoning with a radioactive element polonium-210.
The lieutenant colonel became known to the public in 1998. At a press conference, he said that the leadership had ordered the service of killing Boris Berezovsky. In 2000, several criminal cases were opened against him.
As a result, Alexander Litvinenko went to the UK - the authorities granted him political asylum. There was information in the media that Alexander Valterovich was cooperating with British intelligence there. He was known for sharp critical speeches against the Russian authorities. There is information that he collaborated with another political émigré - billionaire Boris Berezovsky.
The world also knows Alexander Litvinenko’s book, The FSB Blows Up Russia (co-author). Another well-known work - "Lubyanka criminal gang." Very ambiguous works - the former lieutenant colonel of state security accuses the FSB of organizing an explosion of apartment buildings in the Russian Federation in 1999. The official version is the crimes of the Chechen terrorists.
Photos by Alexander Litvinenko are presented in the article. We will also present a short dossier:
- Date of birth: 1962, December 4th.
- Place of birth: Russian city of Voronezh.
- Date of death: November 23, 2006.Alexander Litvinenko died at the age of 43.
- Place of death: London, UK.
- Citizenship: Soviet, Russian, English.
- Military service: internal troops (1980–1988), KGB-FSB (1988–1999).
- Title: Lieutenant Colonel of the FSB (later deprived).
We now turn to the biography of Alexander Litvinenko.
Childhood and youth
Alexander was born in Voronezh in 1962, the fourth of December. His mother, Nina Pavlovna, is an economist by training. Father, Walter Aleksandrovich, is a doctor. He was the captain of the internal troops.
After the boy was two years old, his parents divorced. Alexander stayed with his mother. He finished school already in Nalchik - his grandmother and grandfather lived there. They moved there with their mother - in order to strengthen Sasha’s health.
At 18, Alexander, like many of his peers, served in the army. After demobilization he became a cadet of the Higher Military School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Ordzhonikidze city). Then he served in the convoy troops.
Career in special services
Already at the age of 24, Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko enters the service of the KGB. There he deals with the theft of weapons. Two years later, the young man completes the Higher Counterintelligence Courses, goes to the appropriate unit.
Since 1991, he has been working as an operational officer in the central office of the FSB.He specialized in countering organized crime and terrorism.
In 1997 he was transferred to the Office for the Development of Criminal Organizations. It becomes the deputy. Head of one of the units. Already in the next, in 1998, Alexander Valterovich publicly announced at a press conference that he and a group of colleagues had received an order for the assassination of the then chairman of the Russian Security Council Boris Berezovsky. Such a loud, unfounded statement cost Litvinenko and his colleagues careers.
Career in the FSB Alexander Litvinenko ended. However, in 1999 he was detained, after which he was placed in the FSB SIZO. The former lieutenant colonel was acquitted right in the courtroom. But immediately taken into custody - already on the second charge. In 2000 this case was also closed due to the absence of corpus delicti.
In this criminal proceedings are not completed. After the case was closed, a new one was initiated. However, Alexander Litvinenko was released on bail.
Once free, Alexander Valterovich and his family left Russia. For violation of the subscription on his own recognizance, the fourth criminal case was initiated against him.
In 2001, the former Lieutenant Colonel of State Security was represented by political asylum in the United Kingdom.
Activities in the UK
Having appeared in the English kingdom, Alexander Valterovich more than once acted both with criticism of the Russian power, and the Federal Security Service. In some interviews, he claimed that he was engaged in internal crime in the ranks of the service, but could not give it to the public, since it must be kept state secrets.
But at the same time it was known that the ex-officer of the FSB of Russia, Alexander Litvinenko, in the capital of the United Kingdom existed for a benefit paid to him from the Boris Berezovsky fund. He received it for mediation services, facilitating the conclusion of various trade transactions between Russian and British participants in foreign economic activity.
Criticism of the Russian authorities and special services
His criticism of the Russian state security service did not end there. In 2001, Alexander Litvinenko, in collaboration with Yuri Felshtinsky, publishes the book "The FSB Blows Up Russia." Opinions about the book of the public were divided: for someone it became an opus, someone showed a keen interest in what was written.In France, for example, a documentary was shot for the piece.
In 2002, the court of the Russian Federation convicted Alexander Litvinenko in absentia. He was conditionally sentenced to 3.5 years. In the same year, Alexander Valterovich publishes his second book on the special services of Russia - the Lubyanka criminal gang.
There are also many interviews, articles with constant criticism of the Russian authorities. At that, Alexander Litvinenko gave a rather strange, ambiguous information to a journalist:
- In 2005, he told a Polish newspaper that Ayman al-Zawahiri (one of the leaders of the criminal terrorist group Al-Qaeda) was trained in the FSB.
- In 2006, he posted on the Internet information that the publication of caricatures depicting the Prophet Muhammad in Jyllands-Posten is also in a certain way connected with the activities of Russian special services.
Alexander Valterovich was married twice. His first wife - Natalia. They are familiar from childhood - they lived next door in the town of Fryazino (Moscow region). Alexander and cousin Natalia were strong friends, and therefore often stayed in their house. But there was a long parting - the mother took Alexander to Nalchik.
However, young people supported communication. Alexander and Natalya got married when A. Litvinenko was still in college.He was then 20 years old, and his chosen one - 19. They lived together for ten years. During this time, they had to wander around the country a lot, like all families of servicemen. Lived in Novomoskovsk, Novosibirsk, Tver. The couple had two children - Sasha and Sonya.
The transfer of the officer to Lubyanka was cherished for the family - now there is no need to live in anticipation of a new move. But at the same time and fatal. On duty, Alexander Valterovich had to constantly have contact with a certain family Chislovykh. Criminals extorted money from them.
Chislovs and introduced Alexander to his future second wife Marina. As a result, he left the first family. The daughter was not yet two years old, and her son was only six. Despite the betrayal, the former spouse never spoke angrily about Alexander. In an interview, she compared his beauty with Allen Delon. And the poisoning of A. Litvinenko was a terrible tragedy for her.
In the second marriage in 1994, Alexander Valterovich had a son, Anatoly. He graduated from University College London (specialization - Eastern European politics). The choice of place of study was not accidental - here, in the intensive care unit of the college, his father passed away.
Last year of life, death
2006 was the last for Alexander Litvinenko. In November, he was admitted to hospital with severe poisoning. Perhaps it could have been saved, but toxicologists could not figure out the cause of Alexander Walterovich’s rapidly deteriorating state. There was a version that he was poisoned by a radioactive substance. But how?
By chance, one of the scientists, once engaged in the study of the properties of polonium-210, suggested that Litvinenko could have been poisoned by this element - the symptoms are too similar. Analyzes were taken that fully confirmed the assumption. But too late - the therapy could not save the dying. We must also pay tribute to the doctors - this was the first in their practice intentional poisoning of a person with polonium.
November 23, 2006, he passed away. Alexander Valterovich was buried in London’s Highgate Cemetery.
There was no doubt that Alexander Litvinenko was poisoned purposefully. But who? Russian special services? Boris Berezovsky? Service, which is beneficial to denigrate the Russian Federation in the eyes of the world community? The media was literally torn by conflicting news. Let's try to figure them out.
Initially, the English version of the investigation was simple: poisoning was the work of former colleague Andrei Lugovoi and Russian businessman Dmitry Kovtun. With them, Alexander Valterovich shortly before admission to the hospital, met at the Millennium Hotel.
Traces of polonium were found in the hotel. They were also found in the Abracadabra men's club, the Emirates stadium, where Alexander Litvinenko came to the match between CSKA and Arsenal.
However, in addition to the Russian guests, Alexander had a meeting with Mario Scaramella, an expert in security issues. Traces of polonium were found in two planes of Heathrow Airport, an apartment in Hamburg, owned by Kovtun.
It is known that before his death, Alexander Litvinenko converted to Islam. By such an act he showed tribute to the Chechen people. Also, as a sign of solidarity with the Jewish people, people of other faiths wore bandages with a six-pointed star. So explained B. Berezovsky.
Alexander Valterovich accused Russia of his poisoning - in his latest statement dictated by his wife. He also asked to take a photo of him dying. The picture scattered around the world.
As a result, an international scandal erupted. Britain accused Russia of killing an officer who violated the oath. Required to extradite people, according to the London intelligence services involved in the murder of Alexander Valterovich. Russia refused, expressed only regret in response to what had happened.
Truth police Hamburg found in April 2018. The final investigation established that the polonium trail had been in the Millenium long before the arrival of Kovtun and Lugovoy. And the trace of infection with an element was found later in the body of B. Berezovsky and M. Scaramella. Britain has finally dropped the charge against Russia.
We give a list of books by Alexander Litvinenko:
- "Development and improvement of the organizational structure of the Communist Party of Latvia".
- “The FSB is blowing up Russia” (the second author is Yuri Felshtinsky).
- "LPG - Lubyanka criminal gang".
- "The political emigrant: a collection of interviews and articles."
Alexander Litvinenko is a rather ambiguous person. Someone says that he wanted to make the Motherland better. Someone calls him, the deceased, the state birthday. But people agree on one thing: the poisoning of Alexander Valterovich is a tragedy for both his family and the public.