A denomination is an association of believers. Christan denomination
The word "confession" does not sound like confessio - confession. A denomination is the unification of believers into one religion, which has its own characteristics in dogma, worship and organizational structure. Today, modern religion is a whole multi-religious complex, which includes a huge variety of religious beliefs (there are allegations that there are about 5,000).
Denominations. Different examples of world denominations
If we talk about Christian denominations, they include Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism (they all belong to the same denomination, but they are very different in their religion). Other denominations also have their own branches. In turn, Judaism includes: Orthodox Judaism, Hasidism, and Reform Judaism. Islam also has its religious orientation. This is Sunni, Shi'i and Ibadizm. Buddhism implies its divisions: Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana. All these are the main denominations officially recognized by the world community.
Approaching the question of the division of Christian denominations, it must be said that initially the Christian faith was represented by the United Apostolic Orthodox Church of Christ. In 1054, Catholicism was separated from it, and since 1529 various communities, called Protestants, separated from Catholicism. Protestant communities, formulating for themselves their own confession of faith (confession), decided to simply secede from the Catholics.
Denomination is what? Before answering this question, it is certainly worth noting that the term itself became widespread during the Reformation period. Then what are the main differences of all these Christian denominations?
The Orthodox Church is a historic ancient Christian church, which includes 15 local. In addition to the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC), there is a Constantinople PC, Alexandria PC, Antioch PC, Jerusalem PC, Serbian PC, Greek PC, Georgian PC, Bulgarian PC, Cyprus PC, Albanian PC, Polish PC, Czech Lands and Slovakia and PC in America .
All of them are based on the same canonical structure, they have the same dogma, they are in communion in prayer and in the sacraments.For centuries they have kept the Christian faith in the true state in which Jesus Christ himself revealed it, the Apostles preached and were taught by the Holy Fathers. All these seemingly separate churches make up the one Universal Church.
The churches of Universal Orthodoxy are equal and administratively independent. The main essence and unity of the Orthodox Church lies in the Eucharist. Jesus Christ himself stands at the head of Christian Orthodoxy.
Catholicism arose on the basis of the formation of the feudal system in Western Europe and was opposed to Orthodoxy. As previously noted, in 1054 there was a split, the Roman Catholic Church withdrew from the Orthodox. After that, the Catholics held the 21st Ecumenical Council and incorporated their changes into the church life. They recognized their Church as the only one, as well as the primacy and sanctity of the Popes, and assigned them a predominant role, thus making their own adjustments and changes.
Catholics were characterized by intolerance towards "non-Catholics", who were considered to be heretics. In Catholicism, the main role is played by the Papal authority and privileged clergy.
Protestantism arose in the 16th century, when a broad anti-Catholic movement began, where all extremes of Roman Catholicism were rejected. The leader of the revolutionary religious reforms was Martin Luther, who categorically rebelled against the sale and distribution of indulgences. Then he nailed to the church door 95 points of his plan to reform the existing situation of the Church, where Sacred Traditions, decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, the spiritual experience of monasticism, the priesthood, the worship of the Virgin Mary, icons, angels, saints, etc.
Speaking essentially, Protestantism has lost the Church. Although his teachings are based on the Bible, in fact Protestant theologians in fact interpret the Bible itself from its own point of view. Already a little later, as a result of this (within the framework of the same Protestantism), a huge number of denominations were formed in the world, including Baptists, Pentecostals, etc.
Denominations in Russia
So, a confession is first of all a creed created on the basis of a certain religious doctrine and association of believers on this basis, who will adhere to all necessary principles and laws.